Genocide in Bosnia

Bosnian Genocide, 1992-1995

Posts Tagged ‘Prijedor

Another View of the Concentration Camps in the Bosnian Genocide

The following images of Serb-run concentration camps near Prijedor in north-west Bosnia were taken from the archive of the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY) at the Hague.

Aerial view of the notorious Serb-run Omarska concentration camp in north-west Bosnia, near Prijedor, in August of 1992. Thousands of Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) civilians were interned, tortured, raped, and killed in this camp.

Aerial view of the notorious Serb-run Omarska concentration camp in north-west Bosnia, near Prijedor, in August of 1992. Thousands of Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) civilians were interned, tortured, raped, and killed in this camp.

Aerial view of the notorious Serb-run Omarska concentration camp in north-west Bosnia, near Prijedor, in August of 1992. Thousands of Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) civilians were interned, tortured, raped, and killed in this camp.

Aerial view of the notorious Serb-run Omarska concentration camp in north-west Bosnia, near Prijedor, in August of 1992. Thousands of Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) civilians were interned, tortured, raped, and killed in this camp.

The Sign reads CONCENTRATION CAMP. PROHIBITED ENTRY. Photo: Entrance to the Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia, where Serbs interned, tortured, raped, and killed thousands of Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims).

The Sign reads CONCENTRATION CAMP. PROHIBITED ENTRY. Photo: Entrance to the Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia, where Serbs interned, tortured, raped, and killed thousands of Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims).

Here is a better quality of this image from the same source (images may be lighter or darker depending on how they were scanned and depending on the source they were scanned from, e.g. printed newspaper):

The Sign reads CONCENTRATION CAMP. PROHIBITED ENTRY. Photo: Entrance to the Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia, where Serbs interned, tortured, raped, and killed thousands of Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims).

The Sign reads CONCENTRATION CAMP. PROHIBITED ENTRY. Photo: Entrance to the Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia, where Serbs interned, tortured, raped, and killed thousands of Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims).

Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) civilians in the notorious Serb-run Manjaca concentration camp in north-west Bosnia, near Prijedor, in August of 1992.

Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) civilians in the notorious Serb-run Manjaca concentration camp in north-west Bosnia, near Prijedor, in August of 1992.

Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) civilians in the notorious Serb-run Manjaca concentration camp in north-west Bosnia, near Prijedor, in August of 1992.

Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) civilians the notorious Serb-run Manjaca concentration camp in north-west Bosnia, near Prijedor, in August of 1992.

Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) civilians in the notorious Serb-run Manjaca concentration camp in north-west Bosnia, near Prijedor, in August of 1992.

Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) civilians in the notorious Serb-run Manjaca concentration camp in north-west Bosnia, near Prijedor, in August of 1992.

The Manjaca concentration camp was controlled by a Serb Lieutenant Colonel Bozidar Popovic.

The Manjaca concentration camp was controlled by a Serb Lieutenant Colonel Bozidar Popovic.


One of entrances to notorious Serb-run Omarska concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Thousands of Bosniak (Bosnian Muslims) civilians were interned, tortured, raped and killed in this camp.

One of entrances to notorious Serb-run Omarska concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Thousands of Bosniak (Bosnian Muslims) civilians were interned, tortured, raped and killed in this camp.


Inside view, hall, of the Omarska concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Thousands of Bosniak (Bosnian Muslims) civilians were interned, tortured, raped and killed in this camp.

Inside view, hall, of the Omarska concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Thousands of Bosniak (Bosnian Muslims) civilians were interned, tortured, raped and killed in this camp.


Outside view from one of the rooms used by Serbian guards of the Omarska concentration camp where Serbs interned, tortured, raped and killed thousands of Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) during the Bosnian Genocide.

Outside view from one of the rooms used by Serbian guards of the Omarska concentration camp where Serbs interned, tortured, raped and killed thousands of Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) during the Bosnian Genocide.


Beds in the Omarska concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Beds were introduced as a media propaganda after the Serb leadership allowed British TV crews to visit Omarska. Prisoners slept on the floor. Thousands of Bosniak (Bosnian Muslims) civilians were interned, tortured, raped and killed in this camp.

Beds in the Omarska concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Beds were introduced as a media propaganda after the Serb leadership allowed British TV crews to visit Omarska. Prisoners slept on the floor. Thousands of Bosniak (Bosnian Muslims) civilians were interned, tortured, raped and killed in this camp.


The building of the Serb-run Keraterm concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Thousands of Bosniak (Bosnian Muslims) civilians were interned, tortured, raped and killed in this camp.

The building of the Serb-run Keraterm concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Thousands of Bosniak (Bosnian Muslims) civilians were interned, tortured, raped and killed in this camp.


Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) civilians in the Trnopolje concentration camp.

Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) civilians in the Trnopolje concentration camp.


Badly beaten and emaciated Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) man from the village of Hrnici, later died, in the Trnopolje concentration camp (Bosnian Genocide)

Badly beaten and emaciated Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) man from the village of Hrnici, later died, in the Trnopolje concentration camp (Bosnian Genocide)


Emaciated Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) men in the Trnopolje concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia, during the Bosnian Genocide.

Emaciated Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) men in the Trnopolje concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia, during the Bosnian Genocide.


Emaciated Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) man in the Trnopolje concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia, during the Bosnian Genocide.

Emaciated Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) man in the Trnopolje concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia, during the Bosnian Genocide.


Tortured, beaten, and emaciated Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) men in the Trnopolje concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia, during the Bosnian Genocide.

Tortured, beaten, and emaciated Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) men in the Trnopolje concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia, during the Bosnian Genocide.


BBC TV crew speaks with emaciated Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) man in the Trnopolje concentration camp. Serb authorities allowed TV crew to enter the camp after international pressure mounted. Badly emaciated prisoners were removed from the camp, but Dr. Idriz Merdzanic managed to smuggle some photos of brutal beatings and abuse in the camp, which we will show beginning from the next photo.

BBC TV crew speaks with emaciated Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) man in the Trnopolje concentration camp. Serb authorities allowed TV crew to enter the camp after international pressure mounted. Badly emaciated prisoners were removed from the camp, but Dr. Idriz Merdzanic managed to smuggle some photos of brutal beatings and abuse in the camp, which we will show beginning from the next photo.


Emaciated and visibly weak Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) man in the Trnopolje concentration camp in August of 1992 at the start of the Bosnian Genocide.

Emaciated and visibly weak Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) man in the Trnopolje concentration camp in August of 1992 at the start of the Bosnian Genocide.


Covert images submitted to the British TV crew by Dr. Idriz Merdzanic from the Trnopolje concentration camp in August of 1992 during the Bosnian Genocide.

Covert images submitted to the British TV crew by Dr. Idriz Merdzanic from the Trnopolje concentration camp in August of 1992 during the Bosnian Genocide.


Covert images submitted to the British TV crew by Dr. Idriz Merdzanic from the Trnopolje concentration camp in August of 1992 during the Bosnian Genocide.

Covert images submitted to the British TV crew by Dr. Idriz Merdzanic from the Trnopolje concentration camp in August of 1992 during the Bosnian Genocide.


Covert images submitted to the British TV crew by Dr. Idriz Merdzanic from the Trnopolje concentration camp in August of 1992 during the Bosnian Genocide.

Covert images submitted to the British TV crew by Dr. Idriz Merdzanic from the Trnopolje concentration camp in August of 1992 during the Bosnian Genocide.


Covert images submitted to the British TV crew by Dr. Idriz Merdzanic from the Trnopolje concentration camp in August of 1992 during the Bosnian Genocide.

Covert images submitted to the British TV crew by Dr. Idriz Merdzanic from the Trnopolje concentration camp in August of 1992 during the Bosnian Genocide.

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Photojournalism: Manjaca Concentration Camp in Bosnia

Bosnian Genocide, August 1992. The entrance to the Manjaca concentration camp reads in cyrillic letters CONCENTRATION CAMP - PROHIBITED ENTRY. Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) were tortured and killed there. Photographer: Antoine Gyori

Bosnian Genocide, August 1992. The entrance to the Manjaca concentration camp reads in cyrillic letters CONCENTRATION CAMP - PROHIBITED ENTRY. Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) were tortured and killed there. Photographer: Antoine Gyori

Bosnian Genocide, August 1992. Sign written in cyrillic letters reads MINES. Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. The camp was surrounded by mines to prevent escape of prisoners. Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) were tortured and killed there. Photographer: Patrick Robert

Bosnian Genocide, August 1992. Sign (visible from Center to Right) written in cyrillic letters reads MINES. Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. The camp was surrounded by mines to prevent escape of prisoners. Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) were tortured and killed there. Photographer: Patrick Robert

Bosnian Genocide, August 1992. Sign (visible from Center to Left) written in cyrillic letters reads MINES. Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. The camp was surrounded by mines to prevent escape of prisoners. Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) were tortured and killed there. Photographer: Patrick Robert

Bosnian Genocide, August 1992. Sign (visible from Center to Left) written in cyrillic letters reads MINES. Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. The camp was surrounded by mines to prevent escape of prisoners. Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) were tortured and killed there. Photographer: Patrick Robert

Bosnian Genocide, August 1992. Emaciated prisoner in the Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) were tortured and killed there. Photographer: Isabel Ellsen

Bosnian Genocide, August 1992. Emaciated prisoner in the Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) were tortured and killed there. Photographer: Isabel Ellsen

Bosnian Genocide, August 1992. Emaciated prisoners in the Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) were tortured and killed there. Photographer: Antoine Gyori

Bosnian Genocide, August 1992. Emaciated prisoners in the Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) were tortured and killed there. Photographer: Antoine Gyori


Bosnian Genocide, August 1992. Emaciated prisoners in the Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. The camp was controlled by Lieutenant Colonel Bozidar Popovic.Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) were tortured and killed there. Photographer: Antoine Gyori

Bosnian Genocide, August 1992. Emaciated prisoners in the Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. The camp was controlled by Lieutenant Colonel Bozidar Popovic.Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) were tortured and killed there. Photographer: Antoine Gyori


Bosnian Genocide, August 1992. Emaciated prisoners in the Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) were tortured and killed there. Photographer: Patrick Robert

Bosnian Genocide, August 1992. Emaciated prisoners in the Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) were tortured and killed there. Photographer: Patrick Robert

Bosnian Genocide, August 1992. Emaciated and tortured prioners in the Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) were tortured and killed there. Photographer: Patrick Robert

Bosnian Genocide, August 1992. Emaciated and tortured prisoners in the Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) were tortured and killed there. Photographer: Patrick Robert

Bosnian Genocide, 1992. Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Photographer: Patrick Robert

Bosnian Genocide, 1992. Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Photographer: Patrick Robert

Bosnian Genocide, August 1992. Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) were tortured and killed there. Photographer: Pascal Le Segretain

Bosnian Genocide, August 1992. Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) were tortured and killed there. Photographer: Pascal Le Segretain

Bosnian Genocide, 1992. Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Photographer: Ron Haviv

Bosnian Genocide, August 1992. Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) were tortured and killed there. Photographer: Ron Haviv

Bosnian Genocide, August 1992. Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) were tortured and killed there. Photographer: Isabel Ellsen

Bosnian Genocide, August 1992. Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) were tortured and killed there. Photographer: Isabel Ellsen

Bosnian Genocide, August 1992. Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) were tortured and killed there. Photographer: Isabel Ellsen

Bosnian Genocide, August 1992. Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) were tortured and killed there. Photographer: Isabel Ellsen

Bosnian Genocide, August 1992. Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) were tortured and killed there. Photographer: Patrick Robert

Bosnian Genocide, August 1992. Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) were tortured and killed there. Photographer: Patrick Robert

Bosnian Genocide, August 1992. Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) were tortured and killed there. Photographer: Antoine Gyori

Bosnian Genocide, August 1992. Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) were tortured and killed there. Photographer: Antoine Gyori

Bosnian Genocide, August 1992. Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) were tortured and killed there. Photographer: Isabel Ellsen

Bosnian Genocide, August 1992. Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) were tortured and killed there. Photographer: Isabel Ellsenq

Bosnian Genocide, August 1992. Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) were tortured and killed there. Photographer: Isabel Ellsen

Bosnian Genocide, August 1992. Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) were tortured and killed there. Photographer: Isabel Ellsen

Bosnian Genocide, August 1992. Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) were tortured and killed there. Photographer: Isabel Ellsen

Bosnian Genocide, August 1992. Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) were tortured and killed there. Photographer: Isabel Ellsen

Bosnian Genocide, August 1992. Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) were tortured and killed there. Photographer: Patrick Robert

Bosnian Genocide, August 1992. Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) were tortured and killed there. Photographer: Patrick Robert

Bosnian Genocide, August 1992. Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) were tortured and killed there. Photographer: Patrick Robert

Bosnian Genocide, August 1992. Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) were tortured and killed there. Photographer: Patrick Robert

Bosnian Genocide, 1992. Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Photographer: Isabel Ellsen

Bosnian Genocide, August 1992. Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) were tortured and killed there. Photographer: Isabel Ellsen

Bosnian Genocide, August 1992. Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) were tortured and killed there. Photographer: Patrick Robert

Bosnian Genocide, August 1992. Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) were tortured and killed there. Photographer: Patrick Robert

Bosnian Genocide, August 1992. Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) were tortured and killed there. Photographer: Patrick Robert

Bosnian Genocide, August 1992. Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) were tortured and killed there. Photographer: Patrick Robert

Bosnian Genocide, August 1992. Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) were tortured and killed there. Photographer: Patrick Robert

Bosnian Genocide, August 1992. Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) were tortured and killed there. Photographer: Patrick Robert

Bosnian Genocide, August 1992. Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) were tortured and killed there. Photographer: Patrick Robert

Bosnian Genocide, August 1992. Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) were tortured and killed there. Photographer: Patrick Robert


Bosnian Genocide, August 1992. Emaciated prisoners in the Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. The camp was controlled by Lieutenant Colonel Bozidar Popovic.Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) were tortured and killed there. Photographer: Antoine Gyori

Bosnian Genocide, August 1992. Emaciated prisoners in the Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. The camp was controlled by Lieutenant Colonel Bozidar Popovic.Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) were tortured and killed there. Photographer: Antoine Gyori


Bosnian Genocide, August 1992. Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) were tortured and killed there. Photographer: Isabel Ellsen

Bosnian Genocide, August 1992. Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) were tortured and killed there. Photographer: Isabel Ellsen

Bosnian Genocide, August 1992. Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) were tortured and killed there. Photographer: Isabel Ellsen

Bosnian Genocide, August 1992. Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) were tortured and killed there. Photographer: Isabel Ellsen

Bosnian Genocide, August 1992. Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) were tortured and killed there. Photographer: Patrick Robert

Bosnian Genocide, August 1992. Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) were tortured and killed there. Photographer: Patrick Robert

Bosnian Genocide, August 1992. Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) were tortured and killed there. Photographer: Pascal Le Segretain

Bosnian Genocide, August 1992. Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) were tortured and killed there. Photographer: Pascal Le Segretain


Bosnian Genocide, August 1992. Prisoner in the Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) were tortured and killed there. Photographer: Ron Haviv

Bosnian Genocide, August 1992. Prisoner in the Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) were tortured and killed there. Photographer: Ron Haviv

Bosnian Genocide, 1992. Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Photographer: Patrick Robert

Bosnian Genocide, August 1992. Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) were tortured and killed there.Photographer: Patrick Robert

Bosnian Genocide, August 1992. Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) were tortured and killed there. Photographer: Patrick Robert

Bosnian Genocide, August 1992. Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) were tortured and killed there. Photographer: Patrick Robert

Bosnian Genocide, August 1992. Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) were tortured and killed there. Photographer: Isabel Ellsen

Bosnian Genocide, August 1992. Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) were tortured and killed there. Photographer: Isabel Ellsen


Bosnian Genocide, August 1992. Prisoner in the Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) were tortured and killed there. Photographer: Ron Haviv

Bosnian Genocide, August 1992. Prisoner in the Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) were tortured and killed there. Photographer: Ron Haviv


Bosnian Genocide, August 1992. Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) were tortured and killed there. Photographer: Isabel Ellsen

Bosnian Genocide, August 1992. Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) were tortured and killed there. Photographer: Isabel Ellsen


Bosnian Genocide, August 1992. Tortured prisoner in the Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) were tortured and killed there. Photographer: Patrick Robert

Bosnian Genocide, August 1992. Tortured prisoner in the Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) were tortured and killed there. Photographer: Patrick Robert

Photojournalism: Trnopolje concentration camp in Bosnia

Bosnian Genocide, 1992: Emaciated prisoner in the Serb-run Trnopolje concentration camp near Prijedor, Bosnia, in August of 1992. Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslms), were tortured and killed there. Photographer: Pascal Le Segretain

Bosnian Genocide, 1992: Emaciated prisoner in the Serb-run Trnopolje concentration camp near Prijedor, Bosnia, in August of 1992. Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslms), were tortured and killed there. Photographer: Pascal Le Segretain


Bosnian Genocide, 1992: Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) woman and children upon arrival to the Serb-run Trnopolje concentration camp in August 1992. Thousands of non-Serbs civilians were tortured, raped and killed there in 1992. Photographer: Patrick Robert

Bosnian Genocide, 1992: Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) woman and children upon arrival to the Serb-run Trnopolje concentration camp in August 1992. Thousands of non-Serbs civilians were tortured, raped and killed there in 1992. Photographer: Patrick Robert


Bosnian Genocide, 1992: Emaciated Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) man, posing for cameras, during a staged lunch at the Serb-run Trnopolje concentration camp near Prijedor, Bosnia, in August 1992. Thousands of prisoners, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims), were tortured and killed there in 1992. Photographer: Patrick Robert

Bosnian Genocide, 1992: Emaciated Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) man, posing for cameras, during a staged lunch at the Serb-run Trnopolje concentration camp near Prijedor, Bosnia, in August 1992. Thousands of prisoners, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims), were tortured and killed there in 1992. Photographer: Patrick Robert

Bosnian Genocide, 1992: Woman and a child in the Serb-run Trnopolje concentration camp near Prijedor, Bosnia, in August of 1992. Women and girls were brutally raped by Serb soldier at Trnopolje. Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslms), were tortured and killed there. Photographer: Patrick Robert

Bosnian Genocide, 1992: Woman and a child in the Serb-run Trnopolje concentration camp near Prijedor, Bosnia, in August of 1992. Women and girls were brutally raped by Serb soldier at Trnopolje. Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslms), were tortured and killed there. Photographer: Patrick Robert

Bosnian Genocide, 1992: A Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) civilian imprisoned by Serbian forces in the Serb-run Trnopolje concentration camp near Prijedor in 1992. Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks, were tortured and killed there in 1992. Photographer: Ron Haviv

Bosnian Genocide, 1992: A Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) civilian imprisoned by Serbian forces in the Serb-run Trnopolje concentration camp near Prijedor in 1992. Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks, were tortured and killed there in 1992. Photographer: Ron Haviv

Bosnian Genocide, 1992: Non-Serb civilians imprisoned in the Serb-run Trnopolje concentration camp near Prijedor in 1992. Thousands of prisoners, mostly Bosniaks, were tortured and killed there in 1992. Photographer: Ron Haviv

Bosnian Genocide, 1992: Non-Serb civilians imprisoned in the Serb-run Trnopolje concentration camp near Prijedor in 1992. Thousands of prisoners, mostly Bosniaks, were tortured and killed there in 1992. Photographer: Ron Haviv

Bosnian Genocide, 1992: Non-Serb civilians imprisoned in the Serb-run Trnopolje concentration camp near Prijedor in 1992. Thousands of prisoners, mostly Bosniaks, were tortured and killed there in 1992. Photographer: Ron Haviv

Bosnian Genocide, 1992: Non-Serb civilians imprisoned in the Serb-run Trnopolje concentration camp near Prijedor in 1992. Thousands of prisoners, mostly Bosniaks, were tortured and killed there in 1992. Photographer: Ron Haviv

Bosnian Genocide, 1992: Emaciated non-Serb civilians imprisoned in the Serb-run Trnopolje concentration camp near Prijedor in 1992. Thousands of prisoners, mostly Bosniaks, were tortured and killed there in 1992. Photographer: Pascal Le Segretain

Bosnian Genocide, 1992: Emaciated non-Serb civilians imprisoned in the Serb-run Trnopolje concentration camp near Prijedor in 1992. Thousands of prisoners, mostly Bosniaks, were tortured and killed there in 1992. Photographer: Pascal Le Segretain

Bosnian Genocide, 1992: Emaciated non-Serb civilians imprisoned in the Serb-run Trnopolje concentration camp near Prijedor in 1992. Thousands of prisoners, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims), were tortured and killed there in 1992. Photographer: Patrick Robert

Bosnian Genocide, 1992: Emaciated non-Serb civilians imprisoned in the Serb-run Trnopolje concentration camp near Prijedor in 1992. Thousands of prisoners, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims), were tortured and killed there in 1992. Photographer: Patrick Robert

Bosnian Genocide, 1992: Emaciated non-Serb civilians imprisoned in the Serb-run Trnopolje concentration camp near Prijedor in 1992. Thousands of prisoners, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims), were tortured and killed there in 1992. Photographer: Patrick Robert

Bosnian Genocide, 1992: Emaciated non-Serb civilians imprisoned in the Serb-run Trnopolje concentration camp near Prijedor in 1992. Thousands of prisoners, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims), were tortured and killed there in 1992. Photographer: Patrick Robert

Bosnian Genocide, 1992: Emaciated non-Serb civilians during a staged lunch, posing for TV cameras, at the Serb-run Trnopolje concentration camp near Prijedor in 1992. Thousands of prisoners, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims), were tortured and killed there in 1992. Photographer: Patrick Robert

Bosnian Genocide, 1992: Emaciated non-Serb civilians during a staged lunch, posing for TV cameras, at the Serb-run Trnopolje concentration camp near Prijedor in 1992. Thousands of prisoners, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims), were tortured and killed there in 1992. Photographer: Patrick Robert

Bosnian Genocide, 1992: Emaciated non-Serb civilians during a staged lunch, posing for TV cameras, at the Serb-run Trnopolje concentration camp near Prijedor in 1992. Thousands of prisoners, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims), were tortured and killed there in 1992. Photographer: Patrick Robert

Bosnian Genocide, 1992: Emaciated non-Serb civilians during a staged lunch, posing for TV cameras, at the Serb-run Trnopolje concentration camp near Prijedor in 1992. Thousands of prisoners, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims), were tortured and killed there in 1992. Photographer: Patrick Robert

Bosnian Genocide, 1992: Emaciated non-Serb civilians during a staged lunch, posing for TV cameras, at the Serb-run Trnopolje concentration camp near Prijedor in 1992. Thousands of prisoners, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims), were tortured and killed there in 1992. Photographer: Patrick Robert

Bosnian Genocide, 1992: Emaciated non-Serb civilians during a staged lunch, posing for TV cameras, at the Serb-run Trnopolje concentration camp near Prijedor in 1992. Thousands of prisoners, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims), were tortured and killed there in 1992. Photographer: Patrick Robert

Bosnian Genocide, 1992: Emaciated non-Serb civilians, posing for cameras, line up for food or water during a staged lunch at the Serb-run Trnopolje concentration camp near Prijedor, Bosnia, in August 1992. Thousands of prisoners, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims), were tortured and killed there in 1992. Photographer: Antoine Gyori

Bosnian Genocide, 1992: Emaciated non-Serb civilians, posing for cameras, line up for food or water during a staged lunch at the Serb-run Trnopolje concentration camp near Prijedor, Bosnia, in August 1992. Thousands of prisoners, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims), were tortured and killed there in 1992. Photographer: Antoine Gyori

Bosnian Genocide, 1992: Emaciated non-Serb civilians, posing for cameras, line up for food or water during a staged lunch at the Serb-run Trnopolje concentration camp near Prijedor, Bosnia, in August 1992. Thousands of prisoners, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims), were tortured and killed there in 1992. Photographer: Antoine Gyori

Bosnian Genocide, 1992: Emaciated non-Serb civilians, posing for cameras, line up for food or water during a staged lunch at the Serb-run Trnopolje concentration camp near Prijedor, Bosnia, in August 1992. Thousands of prisoners, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims), were tortured and killed there in 1992. Photographer: Antoine Gyori

Bosnian Genocide, 1992: Emaciated Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) man, posing for cameras, during a staged lunch at the Serb-run Trnopolje concentration camp near Prijedor, Bosnia, in August 1992. Thousands of prisoners, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims), were tortured and killed there in 1992. Photographer: Patrick Robert

Bosnian Genocide, 1992: Emaciated Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) man, posing for cameras, during a staged lunch at the Serb-run Trnopolje concentration camp near Prijedor, Bosnia, in August 1992. Thousands of prisoners, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims), were tortured and killed there in 1992. Photographer: Patrick Robert

Bosnian Genocide, 1992: Emaciated Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) man, posing for cameras, during a staged lunch at the Serb-run Trnopolje concentration camp near Prijedor, Bosnia, in August 1992. Thousands of prisoners, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims), were tortured and killed there in 1992. Photographer: Pascal Le Segretain

Bosnian Genocide, 1992: Emaciated Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) man, posing for cameras, during a staged lunch at the Serb-run Trnopolje concentration camp near Prijedor, Bosnia, in August 1992. Thousands of prisoners, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims), were tortured and killed there in 1992. Photographer: Pascal Le Segretain

Photojournalism: Omarska concentration camp in Bosnia

Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) and Croat (Bosnian Catholic) survivors of the Serb-run Omarska concentration camp in western Bosnia near Prijedor on August 6, 2006, c ommemorate the 14th anniversary of the reveleation of death camps by British journalists in August 1992. Photographer: Ranko Cukovic

Bosnian Genocide, 1992: Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) and Croat (Bosnian Catholic) survivors of the Serb-run Omarska concentration camp in western Bosnia near Prijedor on August 6, 2006, c ommemorate the 14th anniversary of the reveleation of death camps by British journalists in August 1992. Photographer: Ranko Cukovic

Bosnian Genocide, 1992:  TV pictures of the Serb-run Omarska concentration camp in western Bosnia near Prijedor, August 1992. Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims), died there.

Bosnian Genocide, 1992: TV pictures of the Serb-run Omarska concentration camp in western Bosnia near Prijedor, August 1992. Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims), died there.

An elderly Bosnian Muslim man holds up a poster at a rally in former Omarska concentration camp near Prijedor, Bosnia, on August 6, 2006, commemorating the 14th anniversary of the revelation of death camps by British journalists in August 1992. Photographer: Ranko Cukovic

An elderly Bosnian Muslim man holds up a poster at a rally in former Omarska concentration camp near Prijedor, Bosnia, on August 6, 2006, commemorating the 14th anniversary of the revelation of death camps by British journalists in August 1992. Photographer: Ranko Cukovic

Bosnian Genocide, 1992: TV Pictures of the Serb-run Omarska concentration camp taken on 7 August 1992.

Bosnian Genocide, 1992: TV Pictures of the Serb-run Omarska concentration camp taken on 7 August 1992.

Bosnian Genocide, 1992: TV Pictures of the Serb-run Omarska concentration camp taken on 7 August 1992.

Bosnian Genocide, 1992: TV Pictures of the Serb-run Omarska concentration camp taken on 7 August 1992.


Bosnian Genocide, 1992: Bosnian Muslim civilians at the Serb-run Omarska concentration camp pose for cameras. Photographer: Antoine Gyori

Bosnian Genocide, 1992: Bosnian Muslim civilians at the Serb-run Omarska concentration camp pose for cameras. Photographer: Antoine Gyori


Bosnian Genocide, 1992: TV Pictures of the Serb-run Omarska concentration camp near Prijedor, Bosnia. Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks, died there in 1992.

Bosnian Genocide, 1992: TV Pictures of the Serb-run Omarska concentration camp near Prijedor, Bosnia. Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks, died there in 1992.


Bosnian Genocide, 1992: Relative of the Omarska concentration camp victims near the Western Bosnian town of Prijedor in Bosnia-Herzegovina holds photos of excavated bodies of her relatives on 06 August, 2006.

Bosnian Genocide, 1992: Relative of the Omarska concentration camp victims near the Western Bosnian town of Prijedor in Bosnia-Herzegovina holds photos of excavated bodies of her relatives on 06 August, 2006.


A Bosnian Muslim woman holds a poster during a visit to the former Serb-run Omarska concentration camp in western part of Bosnia, near Prijedor, on August 6, 2006, to commemorate the 14th anniversary of the revelation of death camps by British journalists in August 1992. Thousands of non-Serbs, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims), were tortured and murdered in three notorious concentration camps in western Bosnia. Several of high-profile Serb commanders have been sentenced by the U.N. war crimes tribunal in The Hague for the atrocities committed there.

A Bosnian Muslim woman holds a poster during a visit to the former Serb-run Omarska concentration camp in western part of Bosnia, near Prijedor, on August 6, 2006, to commemorate the 14th anniversary of the revelation of death camps by British journalists in August 1992. Thousands of non-Serbs, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims), were tortured and murdered in three notorious concentration camps in western Bosnia. Several of high-profile Serb commanders have been sentenced by the U.N. war crimes tribunal in The Hague for the atrocities committed there.

Ed Vulliamy addresses Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) and Croat (Bosnian Catholic) survivors of the Serb-run Omarska concentration camp near Prijedor in western Bosnia, August 6, 2006, during the 14th anniversary of reveleation of death camps by British journalists. Photographer: Ranko Cukovic

Ed Vulliamy addresses Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) and Croat (Bosnian Catholic) survivors of the Serb-run Omarska concentration camp near Prijedor in western Bosnia, August 6, 2006, during the 14th anniversary of reveleation of death camps by British journalists. Photographer: Ranko Cukovic


Bosnian Genocide, 1992: 21-year-old Edna Dautovic was one of many Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) women who were tortured, brutally raped, and then killed by the Serbs in the Omarska concentration camp near Prijedor. Pre-war photo of Edna Dautovic courtesy of the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY).

Bosnian Genocide, 1992: 21-year-old Edna Dautovic was one of many Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) women who were tortured, brutally raped, and then killed by the Serbs in the Omarska concentration camp near Prijedor. Pre-war photo of Edna Dautovic courtesy of the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY).

Death Whispers at Omarska concentration camp in Bosnia

Death Whispers: Frightened Bosnian Muslim War Prisoners Voice Horror Behind the Pictures

Bosnian Genocide, Trnopolje concentration camp in 1992.

Bosnian Genocide, Trnopolje concentration camp in 1992.

By Peter Maass
The Bulletin
16 August 1992.

OMARSKA, Bosnia-Herzegovina — When the camp guards looked in another direction, the prisoners at the Serb-run detention camp here broke into nervous whispers.

“There is no doctor here,” one of them breathed. “As soon as you get sick you are shot.” Read the rest of this entry »

Concentration Camp Survivors in Bosnia Detail Executions

Model of Omarska concentration camp in Bosnia used in the court proceedings by the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia.

Model of Omarska concentration camp in Bosnia used in the court proceedings by the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia.

Reading Eagle, page A16.
5 August 1992.

By Ron Gutman

ZAGREB, Croatia – Serbian guards at the Omarska concentration camp in Bosnia daily executed Bosniak and Croat prisoners from the thousands being held in at least three locations in the sprawling former mining complex, according to an interview conducted by Newsday Tuesday.

Guards selected seven or eight victims at random each night using a flashlight in a darkened warehouse where 600 to 700 prisoners were packed together, according to a 53-year-old Muslim camp survivor, who asked to be identified only as “Hujca.” Read the rest of this entry »

Aftermath of the Bosnian Genocide: In the Land of War Criminals

Photo Credits: 21-year-old Edna Dautovic was one of many Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) women who were tortured, brutally raped, and then killed by the Serbs in the Omarska concentration camp near Prijedor. Pre-war photo of Edna Dautovic courtesy of the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY).

“The men pointed at a passing dog and ordered Ranko to shoot it, which he did. As the dog lay dying, they screamed at Ranko, asking him if he was a good Serb and telling him that if he could shoot a dog, then he could shoot a Muslim. Yes, yes, he was a good Serb. He closed his eyes and pulled the trigger.”

Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) Civilians in Omarska Concentration Camp 1992 (A). Photo courtesy: The International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY).

Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) Civilians in Omarska Concentration Camp 1992 (A). Photo courtesy: The International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY).

By Gordon Weiss
Jan 6, 1997.
Journalist’s account

PRIJEDOR, BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA — ”They eat pig or they get the f— out,” Ranko, 20, says of his former Muslim [Bosniak] neighbors and friends in this northern Bosnian town.

Ranko is a nice guy. Good-looking, with a raffish sense of humor and a fluent rap-like English lapped up from the cinema and the meager offerings of Republika Srpska television, he translates for me the lyrics of a Croatian rock band, Atomic Shelter, blaring from the loudspeakers.

Nix, 21, is quieter. “The Thinker,” his friends call him. He’s a writer, a poet, and as militantly Serbian as Ranko, though late at night and drunk, he whisperingly confesses: “My legs carry my dead soul, man; I am empty; I feel nothing. Do you understand me?”

Over beer and marijuana at the Ars Media bar in town, Ranko, Nix and other demobbed soldiers from the Bosnian Serbian army — they call themselves “The Street Dogs” — espouse in no particular order Stalinism, anarchism, nihilism, punk, metal, genocide, fascism, freedom of the press, love for mother Serbia and undying devotion for Ratko Mladic, the notorious Bosnian Serbian military leader and indicted war criminal. “Mladic, he’s our man, our main man; he’s a f—— hero and we would all die for him,” says Ranko.

And they never forget Prijedor’s “Silent Night.”

Bosnian Genocide (1992) - Bosnian Muslim Civilians in Omarska Concentration Camp 1992. Photo courtesy: The International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY).

Bosnian Genocide (1992) - Bosnian Muslim Civilians in Omarska Concentration Camp 1992. Photo courtesy: The International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY).

Prijedor is a town of about 100,000 people in the center of a mining, forestry and agricultural district, nominally in Bosnia-Herzegovina, but to the Serbian residents, a proud component of the self-proclaimed statelet Republika Srpska. “Cleansed” of its Muslim population, Prijedor is also home to an estimated one-third of those indicted by the international war crimes tribunal in The Hague for “crimes against humanity” and “genocide” committed in Bosnia’s civil war.

Many of those crimes were committed in these parts, beginning on a spring night in 1992.

The way Ranko and the others tell it, there was a list circulating through town, ominously entitled “The Silent Night.” It supposedly listed the names of Serbian intellectuals, political leaders and community figures targeted by militant Muslim outsiders who had come to Prijedor to raise the town’s 70 percent Muslim majority against its Serbian minority. The threatened Serbs, goes the story, struck first.

Documents issued by The Hague tribunal give a succinct and somewhat less mythological account of what happened next:

Bosnian Genocide (1992), Bosnian Muslim (Bosniak) prisoner in Omarska concentration camp near Prijedor.

Bosnian Genocide (1992), Bosnian Muslim (Bosniak) prisoner in Omarska concentration camp near Prijedor.

About 23 May 1992, approximately three weeks after Serbs forcibly took control of government authority in Opstina [district] Prijedor, Bosnia-Herzegovina, intensive shelling by Serb forces of Bosnian Muslim and Croat areas in Prijedor caused Muslim and Croat residents to flee their homes. The majority of them were seized by the Serb forces … [who] shot or beat them on the spot … the Serb forces began taking prisoners to the Omarska, Keraterm, and Trnopolje camps.”

In the camps inmates were gang raped; they were stabbed and mutilated; they were starved; they were sexually assaulted in front of their families and forced to perform fellatio on one another; some were shot. But mostly they were slowly, mercilessly beaten to death with boots, fists, shovels, baseball bats or any instrument that came to hand. Some of those indicted were listed as “visitors” to the camps.

Bosnian Genocide (1992) - Bosnian Muslim Civilians in Omarska Concentration Camp 1992 during a staged lunch. Photo courtesy: The International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY).

Bosnian Genocide (1992) - Bosnian Muslim Civilians in Omarska Concentration Camp 1992 during a staged lunch. Photo courtesy: The International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY).

Armed with an official “Wanted” poster, I drove the 300 kilometers from Sarajevo to Prijedor. It was early winter, and smoke was drawing from the chimneys in the Serbian villages I passed. Nothing was alive in what were once Muslim villages, only the skulls of torched homes, their roofs, windows and door frames burned out completely.

Bosnian Genocide (1992), Penny Marshall, ITN, 6 August 1992 shakes hand with Bosnian Muslim (Bosniak) prisoner Fikret Alic, Trnopolje concentration camp.

Bosnian Genocide (1992), Penny Marshall, ITN, 6 August 1992 shakes hand with Bosnian Muslim (Bosniak) prisoner Fikret Alic, Trnopolje concentration camp.

Finding the former camps is not difficult. There are signposts and billboards all along the 50-kilometer drive between the Bosnian provincial capital of Banja Luka and Prijedor. One of the camps, Keraterm, on the edge of Prijedor, is operating again, as a tile factory. Trnopolje, a village lying halfway between Prijedor and the Omarska concentration camp — labeled a “death camp” by the Hague tribunal — advertises guest houses.

Bosnian Genocide (1992), Armed guards oversee staged lunch at Omarska concentration camp. Ian Williams, ITN, 6 August 1992

Bosnian Genocide (1992), Armed guards oversee staged lunch at Omarska concentration camp. Ian Williams, ITN, 6 August 1992

The camps, linked to nearby residential areas by narrow-gauge railway lines, are remarkable only for their offensive blandness. The older villagers are gruff. To a visitor they claim to know nothing, except for the sowing of fields and the cutting of timber. In Prijedor, there is a mixture of fear, conspiracy and defiant pride. “What you have to understand is that these so-called war criminals are heroes up here,” says an ex-opera singer from Sarajevo, playing “Killing Me Softly” on a Hammond organ at the AeroClub in Prijedor. “If you are going to indict one person, you have to indict everybody, because everybody participated.”

Bosnian Genocide (1992), Bosnian Muslim (Bosniak) prisoner Fikret Alic in Trnopolje concentration camp

Bosnian Genocide (1992), Bosnian Muslim (Bosniak) prisoner Fikret Alic in Trnopolje concentration camp

The Aeroclub is owned by Simo Drljaca, the former police chief of Prijedor, described by a spokesman for The Hague tribunal as a man “accused by every major human rights organization of massive human rights violations,” from the beginning of the ethnic cleansing in May 1992 until September 1996, when he was forced to resign at the insistence of IFOR, the Nato-led ground forces. Drljaca once famously remarked to a British journalist during a tour of the Omarska concentration camp in August 1992 that “Muslims are usually very skinny because they don’t eat pork — have you read the Koran?”

Drljaca remains free, though he is expected to be included in the next list of indictments to be issued this month. Meanwhile, he works for the Republika Srpska Ministry of the Interior and owns and runs a successful transportation business in Prijedor. The locals call him “Mr. Ten Percent.” I find his office easily enough but a bodyguard acidly declines my request for an interview and advises me not to come again.

Bosnian Genocide (1992) - Bosnian Muslim Civilians in Omarska Concentration Camp 1992 during a staged lunch. Photo courtesy: The International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY).

Bosnian Genocide (1992) - Bosnian Muslim Civilians in Omarska Concentration Camp 1992 during a staged lunch. Photo courtesy: The International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY).

On May 11, 1992, the roundup began. Ranko passed through the streets of Prijedor as Muslims and Croats were dragged from their houses and shot, or beaten, and loaded into yellow and blue vans for transportation to the camps. Only 16 years old, he had already volunteered for the militia. A couple of men he knew were dragging an old Muslim man from his house. They grabbed Ranko and thrust a pistol into his hand, telling him to shoot the old man.

“My hands were shaking, I looked at him and pointed the gun but I couldn’t shoot. He reminded me of my father. He was saying, ‘Don’t do it, son, don’t do it.’ He was kneeling in the gutter outside his house. Then his wife came down the stairs screaming and crying, and they shot her in the eye. She fell back inside her home. The old man stopped pleading, and began crying, just crying then.”

The men pointed at a passing dog and ordered Ranko to shoot it, which he did. As the dog lay dying, they screamed at Ranko, asking him if he was a good Serb and telling him that if he could shoot a dog, then he could shoot a Muslim. Yes, yes, he was a good Serb. He closed his eyes and pulled the trigger. Ranko’s customary bravado evaporates as he recounts the one second it took him to kill his first man. He saw at least 50 murdered bodies in the streets that day.

Omarska concentration camp in Bosnia, 1992

Omarska concentration camp in Bosnia, 1992

The Sensei Bar in Kozarac, a small, devastated village a couple of kilometers from Prijedor, is owned by Dusan Tadic, who has the dubious honor to be the first man tried by the war crimes tribunal.

Tadic was a guard at the Omarska, Keraterm and Trnopolje camps, where, according to the war crimes indictment, he raped women, beat and shot some prisoners to death and forced others to drink from puddles and crawl over broken glass, while jumping on them until they could not move. Then he emptied a fire extinguisher into their mouths as they lay prone. To his kid brother, Mladen, who now runs the Sensei Bar, “Dusan is a great guy … he actually saved a lot of Muslims … wouldn’t hurt a fly… it’s a case of mistaken identity … he didn’t even know how to use a gun.” Goran Borovnica, also from Kozarac, is on the wanted list, but has disappeared. Friends think he died fighting on the central Bosnia front during the war. He is accused of hauling out Muslim prisoners as they were being marched to the camps and shooting them on the spot. Goran was also “a great guy,” says Mladen, “but very, very violent when drunk.”

Goran’s two sisters and mother live in a pitifully small house that used to belong to Muslims. Lubica, his mother, alternately weeps and screams obscenities about her former Muslim neighbors. “He was a lovely man, and wouldn’t hurt a mouse,” she says. “If there were more people like my brother and Ratko Mladic and Radovan Karadzic, this war would never have happened,” says Goran’s sister, Branka, 38, pulling on a Vek cigarette. She kisses the images of Mladic and Karadzic on the wanted posters. “It was a normal war here — and the Muslims shot at their own houses.”

Bosnian Genocide (1992), Omarska concentration camp prisoners at staged lunch. Penny Marshall, ITN, 6 August 1992.

Bosnian Genocide (1992), Omarska concentration camp prisoners at staged lunch. Penny Marshall, ITN, 6 August 1992.

If that’s true, the Muslims did a brutally efficient job. Kozarac is a ghost village, leveled, burned and empty. Scattered teapots and pans, lumps of melted glass, torn clothing, a dog carcass and charred bits of washing machines and stoves litter the streets and muddy lanes where 6,000 houses once stood.

IFOR wanted posters are sometimes quaintly accurate. One simply goes to 31 Cirkin Polje Street, Prijedor, as noted in one of the posters, and there you find Predrag Banovic — and if you’re very lucky his twin brother, Nendad. Both of them are accused of torturing and beating to death civilian prisoners. The Banovics still work for the reserve police, a couple of local policemen tell me. They share a red motorbike and can often be seen riding through town, a couple of kilometers from the Keraterm concentration camp, where among other things, Predrag forced one man to bite off another’s testicles.

I drove to their house on a narrow fruit tree-lined lane at the edge of Prijedor. Some lights were on, and through the latticed window I recognized Predrag, his black hair in a pony tail, kneeling on the bare wooden floor, counting freshly harvested apples. His father, Svetko Banovic, was entering the figures in a book. I pushed the door open and stepped into the room. “IFOR!” Predrag whispered, thinking I was a military investigator who would arrest him. He hid his face with his hands and ran from the room as his father confronted me and forced me out. Mr. Banovic said that the man was a worker and that he hadn’t seen his son for three years.

Bosnian Genocide, 1992 -- Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) civilians in Omarska concentration camp (1992) near Prijedor

Bosnian Genocide, 1992 -- Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) civilians in Omarska concentration camp (1992) near Prijedor

Suzana, Ranko’s girlfriend, is angry and sick of the questions. It’s late at night and we are at an impromptu birthday party for their friend, Momo. Momo and others are imbibing marijuana and rejki (the local turpentine). There’s singing, laughter and a vague sensation that something could always turn nasty. Ranko tells us about a very funny night when they all got so drunk that “we beat the shit out of one another.” “Why don’t you write about what the Muslims did to us?” demands Suzana. “Show what they did here.” What did they do? I ask. “They did nothing, because we got in first,” says Ranko. “But they wanted to. We were smarter and faster.”

They tell me again about “The Silent Night.”

No, I never saw the list, but I know that it existed because my uncle’s name was on it,” says Ranko. “Hey,” says Nix, whispering to me out of earshot. “This was their city, the Muslims.” His eyes are wide. “No one will tell you what happened, because they’re too f—— scared.” The worst “atrocity” they can offer me is a cemetery for the Serbian war dead. “You will see it full of mothers crying for their sons and it will break your heart,” Ranko assures me.

The dull red buildings of the former Omarska concentration camp are perched on the edge of the village of Omarska, seven kilometers from Prijedor. People could wash their dishes and watch the beatings and shootings from their kitchen window. A small red brick building in the center of the compound, now covered with a snowy fringe, was known as “The Red Building.” Prisoners were taken there for “special treatment,” which they almost never survived.

I’m looking for Zeljko Meakic, the former camp commander at Omarska, where up to 3,000 inmates were incarcerated, tortured or killed. Despite assurances from the Republika Srbska Minister of the Interior that Meakic has since been removed as deputy chief of the Omarska police, local villagers tell me that, yes, every morning “the commander,” as they call him, still leaves for work at the Omarska police station.

It is freezing and snowing as night falls. I have been searching for Meakic’s house for nearly two hours, getting conflicting directions. I stop in a tiny, isolated bar and ask the barmaid if she knows where Meakic lives. She says she’s never heard of him, but a few minutes later, as I’m drinking coffee, I hear her describing my car over the telephone.

In late August 1992, Ranko had a friend over for a few drinks. His friend belonged to a military demolition team that had received orders that night to blow up a mosque in central Prijedor. Ranko’s friend invited him to go with the team, about a dozen boys. At around midnight they set off for the Muslim temple, which Ranko tells me, “was about 200 years old. I don’t know, they all look the same — cheap.” They battered the door down and began smashing up the mosque, downing more rejki as they looted and destroyed. One of the boys started playing Iron Maiden and Nirvana over the loudspeakers that had once broadcast the muezzin calling the faithful to prayer. Then they lit a bonfire of carpets and tables in the middle of the mosque and bored holes in the walls by the light of the fire. They wired up the charges, dismantled and took the sound system and gathered outside to watch the walls crumble in a single cloudy explosion, singing and laughing. I asked Ranko if he felt ashamed. “Why? I did two djamijas [mosques] the same way. If you destroy their djamijas, they never come back.” I’m curious, then, as to why the mosques I pass are all destroyed, while the Muslim graveyards abutting them are left conspicuously untouched. One man I ask, a farmer in a field, replies, “not enough bulldozers,” but Suzana’s answer is different. “Disrupting the dead. It brings bad luck.”

One night, drunk and stoned, and by way of explanation for all the questions that I have asked, Nix replies in song: I used to love her
But I have to kill her
She feels so much
She drove me nuts
She’s buried right in my backyard
I know I miss her
So I have to kill her
She’s buried six feet under
And I can still hear her complain

“Guns ‘n’ Roses,” he says, as if that says it all.

The head spins with the myths and imperatives that pervade all Balkan conversations, the memories of past wrongs crying to be righted. “The Silent Night,” Muslims who “breed like rabbits,” the dispossessed Serbs who had “once owned all the land,” the mythical caches of arms in every Muslim household, the frontier between Turkey and Europe, manned by the innocent, vigilant Serbs, the plans by Bosnian President Alia Izetbegovic to create a fundamentalist Islamic state where every Serbian maiden would be forced to wear the chador. Beyond Prijedor, the process muddles on. While The Hague tribunal calls repeatedly for the arrest of the indicted, IFOR officials argue that they have no mandate to arrest. The government of the Republika Srpska maintains that there are no war criminals on its territory (it refuses to recognize the legality of the indictments), therefore it has no obligation under international law to arrest anyone.

In Prijedor, the Street Dogs yell “sex and violence” like baying wolves, screaming at the empty streets and darkened roofs, sending a chill across the town’s already frigid air. They have rocket-propelled grenades, anti-tank missiles and plastic explosives in their bedrooms. Ranko’s cupboard has an arsenal where other kids might store their tennis rackets. Still, for all their bravado and defiance, psychic hounds are snapping at their own heels.

“You see,” says Nix, with a slow, sweet smile revealing tombstone teeth that belie his tender years, “you despise us. But you cannot despise us more than we despise ourselves.”