Genocide in Bosnia

Bosnian Genocide, 1992-1995

Posts Tagged ‘Holocaust

Echoes of the Third Reich in Serb Terror in Srebrenica

leave a comment »

Echoes of Third Reich in Ethnic Cleansing

The Milwaukee Journal
17 July 1995.

Missing from the heart-rending photographs of terrified refugees were the dusty railroad cattle cars and the sullen storm troopers watching with expressionless faces. Nevertheless, some of the roads and villages of [predominantly Bosnian Muslim-inhabited] eastern Bosnia last week looked too much like eastern Europe when it was the Nazis conducting a campaign of ethnic cleansing. Read the rest of this entry »

Besieged Srebrenica Resembled Nazi Concentration Camps

Starving Bosniak Refugees Tell of Horror

Record-Journal, p.3
13 March 1993.

TUZLA, Bosnia-Herzegovina (AP) — The first emaciated wounded and sick arrived Friday from besieged Srebrenica, leaving behind near-starvation and desperate hardship, including amputation without anesthetic.

Doctors at Tuzla’s main hospital said 12 of the worst cases were flown in by Bosnian military helicopter from the Muslim-held enclave in eastern Bosnia.

A similar airlift two days ago evacuated eight wounded soldiers from the eastern Bosnian front, but Friday’s arrivals were the first from Srebrenica proper, a focus of U.N. relief attempts.

“All the time I was thinking of getting away to somewhere where I could heal,” said Sead Klempic, his bones throwing sharp contours into the blanket covering his wasted body. He was left paraplegic by shrapnel to the spine.

“It kept me alive,” he said. Read the rest of this entry »

Ghettos for Jews and Bosnian Muslims

Warsaw Ghetto (Jews) and Srebrenica Ghetto (Bosnian Muslims)

Warsaw Ghetto (Jews) and Srebrenica Ghetto (Bosnian Muslims)

50 years of European progress:

Polish Jews: In 1943, some 400,000 Jewish people were rounded up and herded into the Warsaw Ghetto. German Nazis starved them and murdered many of them – just because they were Jewish.

Bosnian Muslims: In 1993, some 80,000 Bosnian Muslims were herded into the enclave of Srebrenica. Serbs starved the Bosniak civilians, tortured them, terrorized them, and attacked them on a daily basis from nearby Serb village – just because they were Muslims.

It was genocide: In 1993, two years before the Srebrenica massacre, the United Nations Security Council Resolution 819, adopted unanimously on April 16, 1993, Resolution 819 describing the situation in Srebrenica as a “slow-motion proces of genocide.” With the fall of the enclave two years later, the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia and the International Court of Justice ruled it was Genocide.

Bosnian Muslims and Jews have a joint experience of persecution and genocide in Europe

Bosnian genocide mass grave at Pilica farm near Srebrenica, twenty feet deep and a hundred feet long, was excavated by forensic pathologists in 1996. Bosniak victims were blindfolded with hands tied behind their back. Photo by Gilles Peress (from The Graves: Srebrenica and Vukovar (Scalo Books, 1998)).

Bosnian genocide mass grave at Pilica farm near Srebrenica, twenty feet deep and a hundred feet long, was excavated by forensic pathologists in 1996. Bosniak victims were blindfolded with hands tied behind their back. Photo by Gilles Peress (from The Graves: Srebrenica and Vukovar (Scalo Books, 1998)).

Dr. Mustafa Cerić is the Grand Mufti of Bosnia-Herzegovina (leader of Islamic community) and a prominent member of the Committee on Conscience fighting against the Holocaust denial.

Invited by president of Fondation pour la Memoire de la Shoah, David de Rothschild, Reisu-l-ulema Dr. Mustafa Cerić took part today in Paris, the seat of the UNESCO, in the presentation of Projet Aladin, accompanied by some two hundred prominent intellectuals, historians, academics and political personae from thirty countries, most of them from the Islamic world.

The gathering is about cultural and educational initiative for promotion of the Jewish-Muslim dialogue based upon mutual acquaintance, respect and refusal to deny and diminish Holocaust. Hosted by the UNESCO, former President of France Jacques Chirac, Prince El-Hassan bin Talaal of Jordan, former President of Indonesia Abdurrahman Wahid and former German Chancellor Gerhardt Schroeder, project “Aladdin” aims to assist in Muslim-Jewish dialogue so as to remove many a prejudice and stereotype which burden the Muslim-Jewish relations in the world.

“The call of conscience”

A statement, titled “The Call of Conscience”, was adopted to denote the principle of the project: Read the rest of this entry »

ICJ Judge, Serbia’s involvement in Srebrenica Genocide supported by massive and compelling evidence

Case: Bosnia v. Serbia
Judgement: Dissenting opinion of Judge Al-Khasawneh, Vice-President of the International Court of Justice.

The Court’s jurisdiction is established – Serious doubts that already settled question of jurisdiction should have been re-examined – SFRY’s United Nations membership could only have been suspended or terminated pursuant to Articles 5 or 6 of the Charter; Security Council and General Assembly resolutions did not have the effect of terminating the SFRY’s United Nations membership – The FRY’s admission to the United Nations in 2000 did not retroactively change its position vis-à-vis the United Nations between 1992 and 2000 – Between 1992 and 2000, the FRY was the continuator of the SFRY, and after its admission to the United Nations, the FRY was the SFRY’s successor – The Court’s Judgment in the Legality of Use of Force cases on the question of access and “treaties in force” is not convincing and regrettably has led to confusion and contradictions within the Court’s own jurisprudence – The Court should not have entertained the Respondent’s highly irregular 2001 “Initiative” on access to the Court, nor should it have invited the Respondent to renew its jurisdictional arguments at the merits phase.

Serbia’s involvement, as a principal actor or accomplice, in the genocide that took place in Srebrenica is supported by massive and compelling evidence – Disagreement with the Court’s methodology for appreciating the facts and drawing inferences therefrom – The Court should have required the Respondent to provide unedited copies of its Supreme Defence Council documents, failing which, the Court should have allowed a more liberal recourse to inference – The “effective control” test for attribution established in the Nicaragua case is not suitable to questions of State responsibility for international crimes committed with a common purpose -The “overall control” test for attribution established in the Tadić case is more appropriatewhen the commission of international crimes is the common objective of the controlling State and the non-State actors – The Court’s refusal to infer genocidal intent from a consistent pattern of conduct in Bosnia and Herzegovina is inconsistent with the established jurisprudence of the ICTY – the FRY’s knowledge of the genocide set to unfold in Srebrenica is clearly established – The Court should have treated the Scorpions as a de jure organ of the FRY – The statement by the Serbian Council of Ministers in response to the massacre of Muslim men by the Scorpions amounted to an admission of responsibility – The Court failed to appreciate the definitional complexity of the crime of genocide and to assess the facts before it accordingly. Read the rest of this entry »

Holocaust Survivor: Forty-thousand Bosnian Muslims Targeted for Extinction in Srebrenica

In 2004, Presiding U.N. Judge Theodor Meron – who is Polish-American of Jewish descent – delivered a historic speech at the Srebrenica Genocide memorial located in Potocari (near Srebrenica). His speech was both moving and inspiring, but also educational. We hope you read it carefully and learn from it. Judge Meron is a holocaust survivor.

Judge Theodor Meron (Srebrenica Genocide Judgement) Holocaust Survivor

It is with honour and humility that I stand today at the Potocari Memorial Cemetery. This place is a daily reminder of the horrors that visited the town of Srebrenica during the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The crimes committed there have been well documented and have been recognized – and roundly and appropriately condemned – by the United Nations, the international community in general, and by the people of the region of former Yugoslavia. These crimes have also been described in detail and consigned to infamy in the decisions rendered by the court over which I preside, the International Criminal Tribunal of the Former Yugoslavia.

I have had a special wish to visit the Potocari Memorial Cemetery because earlier this year I had the privilege of sitting as the Presiding Judge in the appeal which, for the first time, judicially recognized the crimes committed against the Bosnian Muslims in Srebrenica in 1995 as genocide. In that case, named Prosecutor versus Radislav Krstic, the Appeals Chamber of our Tribunal convicted one of the leaders of the Bosnian Serb assault on Srebrenica, General Radislav Krstic, for aiding and abetting genocide. The Appeals Chamber also found that some members of the Main Staff of the Bosnian Serb Army harboured genocidal intent against the Bosnian Muslim people who sought safety in the enclave of Srebrenica, and that these officials acted upon that intent to carry out a deliberate and massive massacre of the Muslims in Srebrenica.

The judgment which the Appeals Chamber has pronounced will be of importance not only in acknowledging the crime committed in Srebrenica for what it is, but also in developing and enhancing the international criminal law’s understanding of genocide. By discussing and elaborating the legal requirement of genocide, and by explaining how they applied it in the circumstances of Srebrenica, the Appeals Chamber has facilitated the recognition – and, I hope, the prevention – of this horrible crime.

Many victims of this crime lie here, in this cemetery. In honour of their memory, I would like to read a brief passage from the judgment in Krstic, the passage which discusses the gravity and the horrific nature of the crime of genocide, and states unhesitantly that its perpetrators will unfailingly face justice.

“Among the grievous crimes this Tribunal has the duty to punish, the crime of genocide is singled out for special condemnation and opprobrium. The crime is horrific in its scope; its perpetrators identify entire human groups for extinction. Those who devise and implement genocide seek to deprive humanity of the manifold richness its nationalities, races, ethnicities and religions provide. This is a crime against all of humankind, its harm being felt not only by the group targeted for destruction, but by all of humanity.

The gravity of genocide is reflected in the stringent requirements which must be satisfied before this conviction is imposed. These requirements – the demanding proof of specific intent and the showing that the group was targeted for destruction in its entirety or in substantial part – guard against a danger that convictions for this crime will be imposed lightly. Where these requirements are satisfied, however, the law must not shy away from referring to the crime committed by its proper name. By seeking to eliminate a part of the Bosnian Muslims, the Bosnian Serb forces committed genocide. They targeted for extinction the forty thousand Bosnian Muslims living in Srebrenica, a group which was emblematic of the Bosnian Muslims in general. They stripped all the male Muslim prisoners, military and civilian, elderly and young, of their personal belongings and identification, and deliberately and methodically killed them solely on the basis of their identity. The Bosnian Serb forces were aware, when they embarked on this genocidal venture, that the harm they caused would continue to plague the Bosnian Muslims. The Appeals Chamber states unequivocally that the law condemns, in appropriate terms, the deep and lasting injury inflicted, and calls the massacre at Srebrenica by its proper name: genocide. Those responsible will bear this stigma, and it will serve as a warning to those who may in future contemplate the commission of such a heinous act.”

Those who drafted, on the heels of the Second World War and the Holocaust, the Convention for the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of genocide, were animated by the desire to ensure that the horror of a state-organized deliberate and massive murder of a group of people purely because of their identity will never recur in the history of humankind. The authors of the Convention hoped that by encapsulating the crime of genocide, by declaring unambiguously that it will not go unpunished, and by requiring the international community to do the utmost to prevent it, they will forestall forever attempts to annihilate any national, ethnic or religious group in the world. As the graves in this cemetery testify, the struggle to make the world free of genocide is not easy and is not one of uninterrupted victories. But I would like to think that by recognizing the crimes committed here as genocide, and by condemning them with the utmost force at our command, we have helped to make the hope of those who drafted the Genocide Convention into an expectation and perhaps even a reality. As I stand here today, I can do little better than to repeat the solemn warning sounded by the Appeals Chamber of our Tribunal that those who commit this inhumane crime will not escape justice before the courts of law and the court of history.

Finally, I take this opportunity to call, once again, for the authorities in Bosnia and Herzegovina to meet their obligations under international law to cooperate fully with the ICTY. It is simply unacceptable that the authorities in the Republika Srpska have yet to arrest and transfer any individual on their territory who has been indicted by the Tribunal. This situation cannot be allowed to continue and I would like to see a dramatic change in the Republika Srpska’s level of compliance with its legal obligations. It is hightime that the RS break with its tradition of non-cooperation and obstruction of the Rule of Law.

In this regard, I take note of the findings in the Republika Srpska Srebrenica Commission’s preliminary report, which I see as a step in the right direction. It indicates a new readiness to come to terms with painful events of the past and to constrain revisionist tendencies. However, the process is far from complete.

Bosniak Boy Raises Awareness of the Holocaust

Summary: 7th grader Bosniak boy, Emin Seferovic-Drnovsek, reports a visit to his Chicago high school by Samuel R. Harris, Holocaust survivor and president of Illinois Holocaust Museum and Education Center. Emin gives a vivid account of how Harris described his experience of the Nazi invasion of Poland, the ghetto, concentration camps and mass murder and then remarked on the common purpose of his own campaigning and Emin’s mother’s work on genocide prevention and raising awareness of the Srebrenica Genocide. The Holocaust survivor explains that bullies like Adolf Hitler an Radovan Karadzic, the former Bosnian Serb leader who masterminded the Srebrenica genocide, need to be stopped so “the Holocaust and genocides won’t happen again.” The boy tells how his Bosnian Muslim grandfather, Mensur Seferovic, had been captured by Nazis and sent to the concentration camp in the World War II.

SAMUEL R. HARRIS AND MY MOM

By Emin Seferovic-Drnovsek

On April 29, 2009 at William Howard Taft High School, Samuel R. Harris came as a guest speaker. He spoke to the 7th grade Academic Center students during their 6th period class. Mr. Harris was invited to talk about the Holocaust. The 7th grade language arts teacher Mrs. Asvos has been having us reading “Night” by Elie Wiesel which is about the Holocaust. Ms. Asvos worked hard and got Mr. Harris to come to our school. Read the rest of this entry »

Written by genocideinbosnia

December 15, 2010 at 4:30 pm

Jewish leader warns, "Bosnian Muslims suffering like Jews under Nazi"

Article courtesy of San Francisco Jewish Community Publications Inc., dba Jewish Bulletin of Northern California. Published on Friday, July 28, 1995.

Photo: Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) in Serb-run concentration camps in 1992 Bosnian Genocide. Credits: RON HAVIV, Blood and Honey

Photo: Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) in Serb-run concentration camps in 1992 Bosnian Genocide. Credits: RON HAVIV, Blood and Honey

Bosnian Muslims suffering like Jews under Nazis, official says

by Jewish Telegraphic Agency
28 July 1995.

“The expulsion terror practices in Bosnia today is quite comparable to what happened from the beginning of the Third Reich to the outbreak of the war,” Ignatz Bubis, chairman of the central council of Jews in Germany, told German radio last week.

Bubis said he could not understand why the United Nations and NATO have not learned the lessons that came from appeasing the Nazis before the outbreak of World War II.

In the interview, Bubis said he supported Western military intervention on behalf of the Bosnian Muslims, who, after a three-year-old war, are under increasing attack by the rebel Bosnian Serb forces. Read the rest of this entry »

Written by genocideinbosnia

December 8, 2010 at 11:46 pm

JERUSALEM POST: A look into Bosnian Genocide's notorious concentration camp

Family members of victims of the Omarska concentration camp near the Western Bosnian town of Prijedor hold photos of excavated bodies of their relatives, , during a visit to the site of what once used to be the camp, 06 August, 2006. Photos of the camp and it's prisoners, made in 1992 By the Guardian's Ed Vulliamy, horrified the world's public and drew attention to the fact that ethnic cleansing was being commited at the time in Bosnia, by nationalist forces of Bosnian Serbs.

Family members of victims of the Omarska concentration camp near the Western Bosnian town of Prijedor hold photos of excavated bodies of their relatives, , during a visit to the site of what once used to be the camp, 06 August, 2006. Photos of the camp and it's prisoners, made in 1992 By the Guardian's Ed Vulliamy, horrified the world's public and drew attention to the fact that ethnic cleansing was being commited at the time in Bosnia, by nationalist forces of Bosnian Serbs.

 

First, Muslims and Croats had to wear white bands on their arms

By Tovah Lazaroff, JPost Correspondent in Geneva
Originally published: Apr 26, 2009.
Republished with Permission.

JERUSALEM POST – As an inmate in the Omarska concentration camp in Bosnia, in 1992, Nusreta Sivac began her days by counting the corpses of those who had been killed overnight.

“We would see them on the grass in front of the ‘white house,’ which was a little building where the worst torture was committed,” she told the audience who had gathered on Friday to hear her and other victims of racism, including some from Rwanda. They spoke on the sidelines of the United Nations anti-racism conference that met in Geneva last week.

They sat on a small stage, set off from one of the main corridors in the UN’s European headquarters, at an event titled “Voices: Everyone affected by racism has a story that should be heard.” Read the rest of this entry »

Stopping Bosnian Genocide was worth American blood

“‘When they came for the Jews I said nothing for I was not a Jew. When they came for the Catholics I did nothing for I was not a Catholic. When they came for me I could do nothing, and there was no one left to speak for me.’ Those who say Bosnia is not worth American blood bear a close resemblances to those who have made similar claims in the past.”

By Justin Green
| Justin Green wrote about and taught politics for 25 years before retiring to Prescott |

Daily Courier
18 December 1995.

The pundits and pols of Prescott and the nation have pontificated and reached agreement. Bosnia is not worth a drop of American blood. Fortunately Bob Dole has shown better judgment and even the House may sanction sending 20,000 Americans to Bosnia. These troops will be part of a NATO force of 60,000 assigned to preserve the Bosnian peace accords agreed to by the Bosnian Muslims [Bosniaks], Bosnian Serbs and the Croats.

I confess early on I vacillated on this issue. At one time I was opposed to sending our ground forces to the area. I did, however, urge the use of our air power and an end to the arms embargo imposed on Bosnia’s Muslims.

I have changed my mind. Read the rest of this entry »

Written by genocideinbosnia

December 8, 2010 at 11:26 pm

Bosnian Muslims are Jews, "We Jews can recognize other Jews" in Bosnian Genocide

Bosnian Muslims Deserve Right to Fight

Sun Journal
25 May 1993.

By: Joanne Jacobs

(Joanne Jacobs is a member of the San Jose Mercury News editorial board)

I have a theory about the Bosnian Muslims: The Muslims are Jews. We Jews can recognize other Jews. It’s the looks, speech, gestures, jokes, attitudes. The context.

The Bosnian Muslims may be the lost tribe, but they’re members of the tribe nonetheless. The tribe of the exiles. The tribe of the inconvenient. They are pitied extravagantly when dead; alive, everyone wants them to go away. Defenseless, they are proclaimed moral victors. Armed, they’d lose all their losers’ charm.

It’s quite true, as everyone agrees, that the United States has no strategic interests in Bosnia. Only as human beings do we have strategic interests in Bosnia.

Never again, if the Bosnian Muslims are destroyed, will we be able to intone “never again.” Again and again, the world will see religious and ethnic minorities rounded up, burned out, raped, murdered and exiled. Read the rest of this entry »

Written by genocideinbosnia

December 8, 2010 at 11:22 pm

Jewish people express outrage over Bosnian Genocide

By: Debra Nussbaum Cohen
The Jewish Post & News, 12 August 1992.

NEW YORK (JTA) – In language rife with the imagery of the Holocaust, leaders of Jewish organizations are calling on the United States and the United Nations to put an end to the atrocities being perpetrated by Serbian nationalists against Moslem [Bosniak] and Croatian residents of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Though the 600 Jews who remain in Sarajevo are not in more danger than any other residents of the besieged Bosnian capital, the brutal attacks on innocent men, women and children throughout the former Yugoslav state are resonating in the collective memory of the Jewish community. For Jews, the events unfolding in Bosnia eerily echo the Holocaust, when world leaders ignored early reports of the atrocities committed by the Nazis. Read the rest of this entry »

Written by genocideinbosnia

December 8, 2010 at 11:17 pm

Israel Offers Help to Bosnian Muslims

Bush demands inspections; Israel offers aid

8 August 1992.

WASHINGTON (AP) – President Bush vowed Friday that he would not rest until Serbian-run prison camps were opened to outside inspection, but he stopped short of threatening to bomb Serbian positions and targets to gain access.

On the question of military action to keep relief supplies flowing, which the United States is pressing the United Nations to authorize, Bush insisted that any U.S. involvement must be part of a U.N. effort. But the British and the French are both resisting a United Nations authorization vote. Read the rest of this entry »

Bosnian Genocide, did we learn anything from the Holocaust?

The Holocaust: What value this lesson?
On one continent genocidal evil is acknowledged; on another, it rages unchecked

The Prescott Courier
25 April 1993.

WASHINGTON (AP) – On the day the Holocaust Museum was dedicated in this peaceful capital, children were shot in Bosnia. They died because they were Muslim. [see: video of the 1993 Srebrenica Children Massacre]

On one continent a solemn ceremony acknowledged the need to confront evil and brutality. On another, it raged unchecked.

In dedicating the museum, President Clinton called the Nazi genocide campaign against Jews “one of the darkest lessons in history.” But what value has a lesson if it is not learned? Read the rest of this entry »

Written by genocideinbosnia

December 8, 2010 at 10:36 pm

Polish Jews Demand Action to Halt Bosnian Genocide

Nazi campaign: Al Gore urged not to allow repeat

The Southeast Missourian
20 April 1993.

By John King, (AP)

WARSAW – Polish Jews recalled the Nazi campaign to exterminate their families and implored Vice President Al Gore on Monday to prevent a repeat of the Holocaust’s horrors against Bosnian Muslim (Bosniak) communities in Bosnia.

“The world must do more to stop these outrages,” Gore said with evident emotion after the pleadings.

The dramatic entreaties came as Gore visited Poland to mark the 50th anniversary of the Warsaw ghetto uprising, a valiant but unsuccessful revolt against the Nazis by Jews they had confined to one area of the city. Execution by the Germans, disease and hunger has reduced the ghetto from 500,000 to 60,000 at the time of the revolt in April 1943. The Nazis killed most of the rebels. Read the rest of this entry »

Written by genocideinbosnia

December 8, 2010 at 10:09 pm

US President Speaks Out Against Bosnian Genocide

By Dana Kennedy
The Spokesman-Review
19 April 1993.

NEW YORK – Vice President Al Gore on Sunday compared the killings in Bosnia-Herzegovina to the Nazi atrocities during World War II.

“Dictators refuse to learn the bitter lessons of history,” Gore said Sunday in an emotional speech at a memorial service honoring Holocaust victims on the 50th anniversary of the Warsaw Ghetto uprising.

“Fifty years after the uprising in the Warsaw ghetto, petty tyrants around the world smother their people and seek to blind and confuse them with the clumsy lies of dictatorship.” Read the rest of this entry »

Written by genocideinbosnia

December 8, 2010 at 10:04 pm

JEWISH POST: Holocaust Survivor on Bosnian Muslims and Jews

Remember and Protest War Crimes in Bosnia

Jewish Post, p.4
2 December 1992.

A Muslim people are targeted for extinction, and the West turns away. There is no rationalizing this brutal immorality.

To compare Bosnia and the Holocaust is to invite angry disagreement from some Jewish critics who correctly see the Holocaust as a unique evil, an unprecedented descent into hell. But the uniqueness of the Holocaust does not diminish the force of powerful parallels that do exist between these two tragedies, and no one should understand these commonalities better than the Jews. Read the rest of this entry »

Written by genocideinbosnia

December 8, 2010 at 9:59 pm

Holocaust Scholar Defines Bosnian Genocide

Dr. Robert Jay Lifton has been recognized internationally for his research on genocide. A recipient of a Nobel Lectureship, the Holocaust Memorial Award, and the Gandhi Peace Award, he has written more than a dozen books on the psychological ramifications of the Holocaust, nuclear weapons, and war. His 1986 book, The Nazi Doctors: Medical Killing and the Psychology of Genocide, won the national Jewish Book Award and The Los Angeles Times Book Prize for history. In 1990, he co-wrote The Genocidal Mentality: Nazi Holocaust and the Nuclear Threat.

Bosnian Horrors Termed Genocide by a leading Holocaust Scholar

By John Nichols
Toledo Blade, section A, p.2
28 February 1993.

A weeping 12-year-old tells of how she was raped by Serbian troops; a Muslim woman recalls the day soldiers shot her children; an emaciated man describes mounds of bodies in a death camp.

When he hears tales of horror from what was Yugoslavia, Dr. Robert Jay Lifton applies the most chilling label he knows.

“What’s happening there merits the use of the word genocide,” says the director of the Center on Violence and Human Survival at City University of New York.

“There is an effort to systematically destroy an entire group. It’s even been conceptualized by Serbian nationalists as so-called ‘ethnic cleansing.’ That term signifies mass killing, mass relocation, and that does constitute genocide.” Read the rest of this entry »

Written by genocideinbosnia

December 3, 2010 at 11:36 pm