Genocide in Bosnia

Bosnian Genocide, 1992-1995

Posts Tagged ‘Ethnic Cleansing

United States Air Force to Help Bosnian Muslims

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5,000 Bosnian Muslims, including 2,000 children, died of starvation in six besieged enclaves, including Srebrenica and Zepa.

US PREPARATIONS FOR BOSNIA AIRDROP GAINING INTENSITY

Kentucky New Era, p.5A
25 February 1993.
By Laurinda Keys

Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina (AP) — First, 600,000 leaflets will flutter down on eastern Bosnia, telling residents about a coming American airdrop. Then, tons of food and medicine will fall from the sky.

Our hope is to watch for presents from heaven,” said Fadil Heljic, a ham radio operator in the besieged town of Zepa.

The Defense Department is not disclosing a starting date for its airdrop into eastern Bosnia, but it was expected to start this weekend. It is intended to help about 300,000 cold, hungry Muslims [Bosniaks] in six enclaves besieged by Serb fighters.

About 5,000 people in those areas, including 2,000 children, have died of hunger and cold this winter, according to unconfirmed reports by the Bosnian government. Read the rest of this entry »

Serbs Force Bosniak Civilians to Assist in Ethnic Cleansing

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Caught Behind the Lines: Bosniaks drafted into Serb army forced to assist in ethnic cleansing

Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, p.A4
13 February 1993.

By Dusan Stojanovic

ROZAJE, Yugoslavia — Just about anything bad that has happened to Muslims in Bosnia has happened to Sead Sehovic.

He is blind [photo], his face deformed by an explosion. He has been thrown out of his home and his country. As a Bosniak once forced by Serbs to fight his own people, he worries most about his honor.

“Maybe it’s better I cannot see myself in the mirror. I could not stand the reflection of shame and humiliation that I feel inside,” Sehovic said.

After the fighting erupted last year, rebel Serbs took Sehovic from his village near Trebinje in souther Bosnia and forced him to fight against Croats and his fellow Bosniaks. Read the rest of this entry »

Written by genocideinbosnia

February 8, 2011 at 2:36 am

UN says Serbs guilty of supporting terrorism

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Beaver County Times, p.A4
1 September 1994.

SARAJEVO, Bosnia-Herzegovina (AP) – Bosnian Serb leaders are guilty of “state ordained terrorism” in a campaign purging northern Bosnia of thousands of non-Serbs, a U.N. aid official charged today.

Peter Kessler of the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees, the main U.N. aid agency, said 3,000 Bosniaks had been driven from their homes in Serb-held areas in August alone. Read the rest of this entry »

Genocide in Bosnia, Chilling Parallels to the Nazis’ attempt to make Europe “Judenrein”

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“Never Again” Applies to Bosnia, too

The Jewish Post & News, p.4
12 August 1992.

Never again! That’s the expression Jewish Holocaust survivors and the rest of world Jewry use when referring to the horrors perpetrated by Nazi Germany.

Never again should anyone stand by, shrug off reports about atrocities committed against other human beings, and claim that it’s not worth intervening.

That’s what happened during the Second World War. Informed of the Nazi killing machine at Auschwitz and other death camps, U.S. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt dismissed the suggestion that U.S. planes bomb the camps. FDR claimed he couldn’t spare any planes for such a task.

Now, a similar situation has arisen in Bosnia-Herzegovina. Serbian nationalists are committing brutal attacks on innocent men, women and children throughout that former Yugoslav state, with the assistance of the Serbian government in Belgrade. Read the rest of this entry »

Written by genocideinbosnia

February 6, 2011 at 11:33 pm

The Western Response to the Bosnian Genocide

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West Stands Silent as Bosnian Serbs Wreak Havoc

Milwaukee Journal Sentinel p.10A
4 August 1995.

By George Will

Two years ago, when there were reports that a Bosnian Muslim in a Serbian concentration camp had been forced to bite off his father’s testicles, it was comforting to recall the European tradition of fabricated stories — German soldiers amputating the hands of Belgian nurses in 1914, and so on.

Today, with abundant evidence of rape used as a weapon of war, of Muslims’ eyes gouged out and ears and noses sliced off by Serbian “soldiers” (it is disgusting to give that honorable title to snipers killing Sarajevo children), with testimony about heads on stakes and a woman forced to drink blood from her son’s slit throat, it is reasonable to suspend disbelief concerning all reports about the cowardly mob called the Bosnian Serb “army,” which is a proxy for war criminals in Belgrade. Read the rest of this entry »

Horrific Accounts of Rape of Bosnian Muslim Women and Girls during the Bosnian Genocide

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Serbs Gone, But the Horror Remains – Recovery uncertain for all rape victims

By Nancy Nusser
The Tuscaloosa News p.2F / Cox News Service
18 April 1993.

TUZLA, Bosnia-Herzegovina — The pale woman sitting in the health clinic said she hates the son she just delivered and could not bring herself to look at him before nurses took him away.

She is Bosnian, and the baby’s father is the Serb soldier who raped her.

“The child is a Chetnik,” she said, using the derisive word for Serbs. “I hate the child. My brother was in a concentration camp for 10 months and I was raped by Chetniks,” she said. Read the rest of this entry »

Senate Report Provides Details of ‘Ethnic Cleansing’ in Bosnia

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Serbs have moved beaten and starved prisoners out of the notorious camps before media visits.

The Milwaukee Journal, p.A6
19 August 1992.

From Journal wire services

Washington, D.C. — The campaign mounted by Serbian militias to drive Muslims [Bosniaks] from large areas of Bosnia-Herzegovina has been so brutal that it probably has caused more deaths than the bombing and shelling of Bosnian cities, according to a Senate staff report. Read the rest of this entry »

Written by genocideinbosnia

February 3, 2011 at 3:02 am

It Was Mistake to Negotiate with the Serb Terrorists

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West Must Get in or Out

The Vindicator
19 July 1995.
By Anthony Lewis

Two days after the fall of Srebrenica, Gen. Philippe Morillon, French General Staff member, said: “We have to declare war on Gen. Mladic or get out.”

Ratko Mladic is the commander of Bosnian Serb forces, the architect of the assault on Srebrenica and ethnic cleansing that followed [note: this report war published 8 days after the fall of Srebrenica, while the evidence of the large scale massacre surfaced later]

Morillon’s words pitfily summed up one lesson on Bosnia for the Western alliance: To intervene in a conflict and pretend there is no difference between the aggressors and the victims is not only dishonorable but ineffectual.
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Echoes of the Third Reich in Serb Terror in Srebrenica

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Echoes of Third Reich in Ethnic Cleansing

The Milwaukee Journal
17 July 1995.

Missing from the heart-rending photographs of terrified refugees were the dusty railroad cattle cars and the sullen storm troopers watching with expressionless faces. Nevertheless, some of the roads and villages of [predominantly Bosnian Muslim-inhabited] eastern Bosnia last week looked too much like eastern Europe when it was the Nazis conducting a campaign of ethnic cleansing. Read the rest of this entry »

‘Ethnic Cleansing’ Continues in Serb-controlled Bosnia

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A Bosniak family was bomb-attacked by Serb men in Banja Luka… A Croat woman was grabbed from the streets in broad daylight and raped by a gang of Serb men… an elderly Croat woman was attacked in the city center by an assailant who cut off her ears and poked out her eyes… Adina, a 19-year-old Bosniak woman was raped on March 8 by four Serb men in military uniforms…

Gainesville Sun, p.8A
26 March 1994.
By John Pomfret

GASNICI, Croatia — Ismet Hrustanovic had an inkling something was going on in his back yard. The engineer’s puppy started yelping. Twigs and leaves crunched under the heavy feet of men in boots.

Next, a fusillate exploded into his two-story house. One bullet passed through his nose, into his eye socket and out near his ear. Another bored into his wife’s ankle. Several more punched holes in the wall near his 10-year-old son. A final blast killed the puppy.

This is how Hrustanovic, a Muslim [Bosniak], spent Monday, Jan. 31 — hunkered down with a bleeding face while his wife writhed in pain in their modest house in the Serb-held Banja Luka region of Bosnia. On Wednesday, they were evacuated from the region by the United Nations and the International Committee of the Red Cross. Read the rest of this entry »

Srebrenica, Zepa: 60 Children, 42 Adults Die from Starvation and Cold

“As for the Bosnian Serb leader, Radovan Karadzic, ‘he will lie, keep lying as he has done all the time, and he will kill more of us in the coming days” – Nedjara Beganovic.

Serb blockade claims lives of more children
The Victoria Advocate, p.4C
13 January 1993.

SARAJEVO, Bosnia-Herzegovina — Fifty-one children died of starvation and cold overnight in an eastern Bosnian town [Zepa] blockaded by Serbs and isolated for nine months, according to ham radio reports Wednesday. In addition, 34 adults perished Tuesday night in Zepa, 35 miles east of Sarajevo.

In Srebrenica, a town near the Serbia border, 17 people – including nine children – died during the night, according to the reports.

Amateur radio operators have been the only link to the outside for the 28,000 people of Zepa since April. Serb gunmen and mines prevent U.N. convoys from crossing snowy roads to the town, where some people are living in caves. Read the rest of this entry »

Children Born to Rape Victims in the Bosnian Genocide

PHOTO: The maternity hospital at Sveti Duh is packed due to the influx of Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) refugees in Zagreb, Croatia. As a result, these babies (born to rape victims) are grouped on patients beds before being turned over to CARITAS, a Catholic humanitarian organization. Photographer: Sophie Elbaz.

PHOTO: A girl bursts into tears while listening to other Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) women recount their accounts of rape. In Bosnia, a European Community Investigative Mission concluded that 20,000 women and children were victims of systematic rape by the Serbs during the war. Photographer: Sophie Elbaz

PHOTO: Two Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) sisters – A., 22, and M., 21 – were violently raped over a period of two months while they were imprisoned in the camp of Modrica, northern Bosnia. They are alone now and are suffering from serious infections due to their rapes. Photographer: Sophie Elbaz

PHOTO (above, below): Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) woman, Malima, 20, was a captive in the KLJUC camp for three months and gave birth in Zagreb hospital. “I don’t want to see that ‘thing’. I hate it and those who did it,” she declared to the doctors, who immediately took care of the baby. Ključ is a town and municipality by the same name in western Bosnia and Herzegovina. Photographer: Sophie Elbaz

The Rapes in Bosnia: A Muslim Schoolgirl’s Account

The Washington Post
27 December 1992.

By: Peter Maass Read the rest of this entry »

Another View of the Concentration Camps in the Bosnian Genocide

The following images of Serb-run concentration camps near Prijedor in north-west Bosnia were taken from the archive of the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY) at the Hague.

Aerial view of the notorious Serb-run Omarska concentration camp in north-west Bosnia, near Prijedor, in August of 1992. Thousands of Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) civilians were interned, tortured, raped, and killed in this camp.

Aerial view of the notorious Serb-run Omarska concentration camp in north-west Bosnia, near Prijedor, in August of 1992. Thousands of Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) civilians were interned, tortured, raped, and killed in this camp.

Aerial view of the notorious Serb-run Omarska concentration camp in north-west Bosnia, near Prijedor, in August of 1992. Thousands of Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) civilians were interned, tortured, raped, and killed in this camp.

Aerial view of the notorious Serb-run Omarska concentration camp in north-west Bosnia, near Prijedor, in August of 1992. Thousands of Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) civilians were interned, tortured, raped, and killed in this camp.

The Sign reads CONCENTRATION CAMP. PROHIBITED ENTRY. Photo: Entrance to the Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia, where Serbs interned, tortured, raped, and killed thousands of Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims).

The Sign reads CONCENTRATION CAMP. PROHIBITED ENTRY. Photo: Entrance to the Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia, where Serbs interned, tortured, raped, and killed thousands of Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims).

Here is a better quality of this image from the same source (images may be lighter or darker depending on how they were scanned and depending on the source they were scanned from, e.g. printed newspaper):

The Sign reads CONCENTRATION CAMP. PROHIBITED ENTRY. Photo: Entrance to the Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia, where Serbs interned, tortured, raped, and killed thousands of Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims).

The Sign reads CONCENTRATION CAMP. PROHIBITED ENTRY. Photo: Entrance to the Manjaca concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia, where Serbs interned, tortured, raped, and killed thousands of Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims).

Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) civilians in the notorious Serb-run Manjaca concentration camp in north-west Bosnia, near Prijedor, in August of 1992.

Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) civilians in the notorious Serb-run Manjaca concentration camp in north-west Bosnia, near Prijedor, in August of 1992.

Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) civilians in the notorious Serb-run Manjaca concentration camp in north-west Bosnia, near Prijedor, in August of 1992.

Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) civilians the notorious Serb-run Manjaca concentration camp in north-west Bosnia, near Prijedor, in August of 1992.

Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) civilians in the notorious Serb-run Manjaca concentration camp in north-west Bosnia, near Prijedor, in August of 1992.

Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) civilians in the notorious Serb-run Manjaca concentration camp in north-west Bosnia, near Prijedor, in August of 1992.

The Manjaca concentration camp was controlled by a Serb Lieutenant Colonel Bozidar Popovic.

The Manjaca concentration camp was controlled by a Serb Lieutenant Colonel Bozidar Popovic.


One of entrances to notorious Serb-run Omarska concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Thousands of Bosniak (Bosnian Muslims) civilians were interned, tortured, raped and killed in this camp.

One of entrances to notorious Serb-run Omarska concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Thousands of Bosniak (Bosnian Muslims) civilians were interned, tortured, raped and killed in this camp.


Inside view, hall, of the Omarska concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Thousands of Bosniak (Bosnian Muslims) civilians were interned, tortured, raped and killed in this camp.

Inside view, hall, of the Omarska concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Thousands of Bosniak (Bosnian Muslims) civilians were interned, tortured, raped and killed in this camp.


Outside view from one of the rooms used by Serbian guards of the Omarska concentration camp where Serbs interned, tortured, raped and killed thousands of Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) during the Bosnian Genocide.

Outside view from one of the rooms used by Serbian guards of the Omarska concentration camp where Serbs interned, tortured, raped and killed thousands of Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) during the Bosnian Genocide.


Beds in the Omarska concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Beds were introduced as a media propaganda after the Serb leadership allowed British TV crews to visit Omarska. Prisoners slept on the floor. Thousands of Bosniak (Bosnian Muslims) civilians were interned, tortured, raped and killed in this camp.

Beds in the Omarska concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Beds were introduced as a media propaganda after the Serb leadership allowed British TV crews to visit Omarska. Prisoners slept on the floor. Thousands of Bosniak (Bosnian Muslims) civilians were interned, tortured, raped and killed in this camp.


The building of the Serb-run Keraterm concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Thousands of Bosniak (Bosnian Muslims) civilians were interned, tortured, raped and killed in this camp.

The building of the Serb-run Keraterm concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia. Thousands of Bosniak (Bosnian Muslims) civilians were interned, tortured, raped and killed in this camp.


Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) civilians in the Trnopolje concentration camp.

Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) civilians in the Trnopolje concentration camp.


Badly beaten and emaciated Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) man from the village of Hrnici, later died, in the Trnopolje concentration camp (Bosnian Genocide)

Badly beaten and emaciated Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) man from the village of Hrnici, later died, in the Trnopolje concentration camp (Bosnian Genocide)


Emaciated Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) men in the Trnopolje concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia, during the Bosnian Genocide.

Emaciated Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) men in the Trnopolje concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia, during the Bosnian Genocide.


Emaciated Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) man in the Trnopolje concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia, during the Bosnian Genocide.

Emaciated Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) man in the Trnopolje concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia, during the Bosnian Genocide.


Tortured, beaten, and emaciated Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) men in the Trnopolje concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia, during the Bosnian Genocide.

Tortured, beaten, and emaciated Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) men in the Trnopolje concentration camp near Prijedor, north-west Bosnia, during the Bosnian Genocide.


BBC TV crew speaks with emaciated Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) man in the Trnopolje concentration camp. Serb authorities allowed TV crew to enter the camp after international pressure mounted. Badly emaciated prisoners were removed from the camp, but Dr. Idriz Merdzanic managed to smuggle some photos of brutal beatings and abuse in the camp, which we will show beginning from the next photo.

BBC TV crew speaks with emaciated Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) man in the Trnopolje concentration camp. Serb authorities allowed TV crew to enter the camp after international pressure mounted. Badly emaciated prisoners were removed from the camp, but Dr. Idriz Merdzanic managed to smuggle some photos of brutal beatings and abuse in the camp, which we will show beginning from the next photo.


Emaciated and visibly weak Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) man in the Trnopolje concentration camp in August of 1992 at the start of the Bosnian Genocide.

Emaciated and visibly weak Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) man in the Trnopolje concentration camp in August of 1992 at the start of the Bosnian Genocide.


Covert images submitted to the British TV crew by Dr. Idriz Merdzanic from the Trnopolje concentration camp in August of 1992 during the Bosnian Genocide.

Covert images submitted to the British TV crew by Dr. Idriz Merdzanic from the Trnopolje concentration camp in August of 1992 during the Bosnian Genocide.


Covert images submitted to the British TV crew by Dr. Idriz Merdzanic from the Trnopolje concentration camp in August of 1992 during the Bosnian Genocide.

Covert images submitted to the British TV crew by Dr. Idriz Merdzanic from the Trnopolje concentration camp in August of 1992 during the Bosnian Genocide.


Covert images submitted to the British TV crew by Dr. Idriz Merdzanic from the Trnopolje concentration camp in August of 1992 during the Bosnian Genocide.

Covert images submitted to the British TV crew by Dr. Idriz Merdzanic from the Trnopolje concentration camp in August of 1992 during the Bosnian Genocide.


Covert images submitted to the British TV crew by Dr. Idriz Merdzanic from the Trnopolje concentration camp in August of 1992 during the Bosnian Genocide.

Covert images submitted to the British TV crew by Dr. Idriz Merdzanic from the Trnopolje concentration camp in August of 1992 during the Bosnian Genocide.

Serbs Beat up Elderly Civilians during Srebrenica genocide

A 11 July 1995 file photo shows an elderly Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) woman and her husband getting treatment for injuries inflicted on them by Serb military forces as they fled Srebrenica as it was overrun by Bosnian Serb forces. The man on the right died shortly after the picture was taken. During the Srebrenica genocide, Serb forces rounded up and killed more than 8,000 Bosniak men and boys, and expelled 25,000 women after abusing many of them. General Ratko Mladic ordered his troops to rape Muslim women and girls. Source: (Getty Images)

Written by genocideinbosnia

January 29, 2011 at 11:07 pm

Serbs Intended & Planned the Destruction of Bosniak People

The aim of the war in Bosnia-Herzegovina was to destroy the Bosnian Muslims

Author: Florence Hartmann
Interviewed by Dani (Sarajevo)
Translated by the Bosnian Institute, UK on 16 August, 2007

Florence Hartmann covered the former Yugoslavia for Le Monde, later became the most prominent spokesperson for the Hague Tribunal, and is the author of a study of Slobodan Miloševic Read the rest of this entry »

12-year-old Bosniak Girl Describes Rape by Serb Soldiers

Daily News, p.2
12 December 1992.

ZAGREB, Croatia — The Serbian fighters who have seized large parts of Bosnia-Herzegovina are being accused of systematic rape against captured Bosniak [Bosnian Muslim] women and girls. Read the rest of this entry »

Written by genocideinbosnia

January 29, 2011 at 7:10 pm

Photojournalism: Bijeljina Massacre, First Day of Bosnian War

Bosnian Genocide, 1992: On 31 March 1992 / 1 April 1992, Serbian paramilitary group, led by Zeljko Raznjatovic (ARKAN), slaughtered hundreds of Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) civilians - women, children, and elderly men - in the town of Bijeljina in northeastern Bosnia, near the border with Serbia. Photographer: Ron Haviv

Bosnian Genocide, 1992: On 31 March 1992, Serbian paramilitary group, led by Zeljko Raznjatovic (ARKAN), slaughtered hundreds of Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) civilians - women, children, and elderly men - in the town of Bijeljina in northeastern Bosnia, near the border with Serbia. Photographer: Ron Haviv

Bosnian Genocide, 1992: A Serbian paramilitary soldier from Arkan's Tigers shoots Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) civilians in the street of Bijeljina on 31 March 1992, the first day of the Bosnian war.  Photographer: Ron Haviv

Bosnian Genocide, 1992: A Serbian paramilitary soldier from Arkan's Tigers shoots Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) civilians in the street of Bijeljina on 31 March 1992, the first day of the Bosnian war. Photographer: Ron Haviv

Bosnian Genocide, 1992: Serbian paramilitaries kick and kill Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) civilians on the streets of Bijeljina on 31 March 1992, the first day of the Bosnian war. Serbian troops slaughtered hundreds of unarmed Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) civilians - men, women, children and elderly - in during the attack on this norteastern Bosnian city. Photographer: Ron Haviv

Bosnian Genocide, 1992: Serbian paramilitaries kick and kill Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) civilians on the streets of Bijeljina on 31 March 1992, the first day of the Bosnian war. Serbian troops slaughtered hundreds of unarmed Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) civilians - men, women, children and elderly - in during the attack on this norteastern Bosnian city. Photographer: Ron Haviv

Bosnian Genocide, 1992: On 31 March 1992 / 1 April 1992, Serbian paramilitary group, led by Zeljko Raznjatovic (ARKAN), slaughtered hundreds of Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) civilians - women, children, and elderly men - in the town of Bijeljina in northeastern Bosnia, near the border with Serbia. Photographer: Ron Haviv

Bosnian Genocide, 1992: On 31 March 1992, Serbian paramilitary group, led by Zeljko Raznjatovic (ARKAN), slaughtered hundreds of Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) civilians - women, children, and elderly men - in the town of Bijeljina in northeastern Bosnia, near the border with Serbia. Photographer: Ron Haviv

Bosnian Genocide, 1992: Frightened Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) civilians in the town of Biljeljina. On 31 March 1992 / 1 April 1992, Serbian paramilitary group, led by Zeljko Raznjatovic (ARKAN), slaughtered hundreds of Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) civilians - women, children, and elderly men - in the town of Bijeljina in northeastern Bosnia, near the border with Serbia. Photographer: Ron Haviv

Bosnian Genocide, 1992: Frightened Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) civilians in the town of Biljeljina. On 31 March 1992, Serbian paramilitary group, led by Zeljko Raznjatovic (ARKAN), slaughtered hundreds of Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) civilians - women, children, and elderly men - in the town of Bijeljina in northeastern Bosnia, near the border with Serbia. Photographer: Ron Haviv

Bosnian Genocide, 1992: Serbian paramilitaries during the attack on Bijeljina in northeastern Bosnia in the first day of war on 31 March 1992. They slaughtered hundreds of unarmed Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) civilians - men, women, children and elderly. Photographer: Ron Haviv

Bosnian Genocide, 1992: Serbian paramilitaries during the attack on Bijeljina in northeastern Bosnia in the first day of war on 31 March 1992. They slaughtered hundreds of unarmed Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) civilians - men, women, children and elderly. Photographer: Ron Haviv

Bosnian Genocide, 1992: Serbian paramilitaries known as Arkan's Tigers desecrate Mosque in the northeastern Bosnian town of Bijeljina on 31 March 1993, the first day of the Bosnian war. Serbian troops slaughtered hundreds of Bosniak men, women, children and elderly during the attack on Bijeljina. Photographer: Ron Haviv

Bosnian Genocide, 1992: Serbian paramilitaries known as Arkan's Tigers desecrate Mosque in the northeastern Bosnian town of Bijeljina on 31 March 1993, the first day of the Bosnian war. Serbian troops slaughtered hundreds of Bosniak men, women, children and elderly during the attack on Bijeljina. Photographer: Ron Haviv

Written by genocideinbosnia

January 29, 2011 at 4:54 pm

Serbs Raped Bosniak Woman in Front of Her Children, Then They Urinated in Children's Mouth

Bosniak woman Aziza (not her real name) is a 29-year-old mother of 3 who was raped in front of her children by Serbian troops at Brcko. After repeatedly raping her in front of her children, Serbs then urinated in the children's mouths. During the entire month of December of 1992, the rapes continued and she was 2-months pregnant (at the time this picture was taken) and wants an abortion. Bosnian Muslim women were systematically raped during the Bosnian Genocide (1992-95). Photographer: Sophie Elbaz

Bosniak woman Aziza (not her real name) is a 29-year-old mother of 3 who was raped in front of her children by Serbian troops at Brcko. After repeatedly raping her in front of her children, Serbs then urinated in the children's mouths. During the entire month of December of 1992, the rapes continued and she was 2-months pregnant (at the time this picture was taken) and wants an abortion. Bosnian Muslim women were systematically raped during the Bosnian Genocide (1992-95). Photographer: Sophie Elbaz


Bosniak woman Aziza (not her real name) is a 29-year-old mother of 3 who was raped in front of her children by Serbian troops at Brcko. After repeatedly raping her in front of her children, Serbs then urinated in the children's mouths. During the entire month of December of 1992, the rapes continued and she was 2-months pregnant (at the time this picture was taken) and wants an abortion. Bosnian Muslim women were systematically raped during the Bosnian Genocide (1992-95). Photographer: Sophie Elbaz

Bosniak woman Aziza (not her real name) is a 29-year-old mother of 3 who was raped in front of her children by Serbian troops at Brcko. After repeatedly raping her in front of her children, Serbs then urinated in the children's mouths. During the entire month of December of 1992, the rapes continued and she was 2-months pregnant (at the time this picture was taken) and wants an abortion. Bosnian Muslim women were systematically raped during the Bosnian Genocide (1992-95). Photographer: Sophie Elbaz

Written by genocideinbosnia

January 29, 2011 at 4:51 pm

2,300 Refugees Fleeing Bosnian Genocide Reach Relative Safety

Gettysburg Times, p.8A
30 March 1993.
[two years before the Srebrenica Genocide]

TUZLA, Bosnia-Herzegovina – More than 2,300 Bosniak refugees took advantage of a ceasefire and a rare relief convoy Monday to flee the cold, hunger and encircling Serb force at the eastern Bosnian enclave of Srebrenica.

The refugees – women, children and old men – were packed so tightly into the 19 U.N. trucks that they had to stand on their luggage. But they waved with relief as they reached safety in the Bosnian government-held city of Tuzla.

Some apparently died en route. Read the rest of this entry »

Written by genocideinbosnia

January 25, 2011 at 6:51 pm

Bosnian Refugee Describes Horrible Year Running From Death

The Southeast Missourian, p.3A
22 March 1993.
[two years before the 1995 Srebrenica Genocide]

TUZLA, Bosnia-Herzegovina – As others fought to get on the U.N. trucks leaving besieged Srebrenica, Sabira Bosancic wa screaming to stay. But foreign relief workers didn’t understand her words: “Don’t tear me away from my family!”

Many fellow refugees from the town on Sunday savored their first day in nearly a year in which they did not have to fear dying of starvation or Serb shelling. But Mrs. Bosancic, among the 673 hustled by U.N. personnel into trucks and driven to Tuzla Saturday, wept while thinking of the two children she had been forced to leave behind. Read the rest of this entry »

Written by genocideinbosnia

January 25, 2011 at 6:26 pm

Resolution Passed: US Congress Recognizes Bosnian Genocide (1992-95)

Whereas

in July 1995 thousands of men and boys who had sought safety in the United Nations-designated `safe area’ of Srebrenica in Bosnia and Herzegovina under the protection of the United Nations Protection Force (UNPROFOR) were massacred by Serb forces operating in that country;

Whereas

beginning in April 1992, aggression and ethnic cleansing perpetrated by Bosnian Serb forces, while taking control of the surrounding territory, resulted in a massive influx of Bosniaks seeking protection in Srebrenica and its environs, which the United Nations Security Council designated a `safe area’ in Resolution 819 on April 16, 1993;

Whereas

the UNPROFOR presence in Srebrenica consisted of a Dutch peacekeeping battalion, with representatives of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, the International Committee of the Red Cross, and the humanitarian medical aid agency Medecins Sans Frontieres (Doctors Without Borders) helping to provide humanitarian relief to the displaced population living in conditions of massive overcrowding, destitution, and disease;

Whereas

Bosnian Serb forces blockaded the enclave early in 1995, depriving the entire population of humanitarian aid and outside communication and contact, and effectively reducing the ability of the Dutch peacekeeping battalion to deter aggression or otherwise respond effectively to a deteriorating situation;

Whereas

beginning on July 6, 1995, Bosnian Serb forces attacked UNPROFOR outposts, seized control of the isolated enclave, held captured Dutch soldiers hostage and, after skirmishes with local defenders, ultimately took control of the town of Srebrenica on July 11, 1995;

Whereas

an estimated one-third of the population of Srebrenica , including a relatively small number of soldiers, made a desperate attempt to pass through the lines of Bosnian Serb forces to the relative safety of Bosnian-held territory, but many were killed by patrols and ambushes;

Whereas

the remaining population sought protection with the Dutch peacekeeping battalion at its headquarters in the village of Potocari north of Srebrenica but many of these individuals were randomly seized by Bosnian Serb forces to be beaten, raped, or executed;

Whereas

Bosnian Serb forces deported women, children, and the elderly in buses, held Bosniak males over 16 years of age at collection points and sites in northeastern Bosnia and Herzegovina under their control, and then summarily executed and buried the captives in mass graves;

Whereas

approximately 20 percent of Srebrenica’s total population at the time — at least 7,000 and perhaps thousands more — was either executed or killed;

Whereas

the United Nations and its member states have largely acknowledged their failure to take actions and decisions that could have deterred the assault on Srebrenica and prevented the subsequent massacre;

Whereas

Bosnian Serb forces, hoping to conceal evidence of the massacre at Srebrenica , subsequently moved corpses from initial mass grave sites to many secondary sites scattered throughout parts of northeastern Bosnia and Herzegovina under their control;

Whereas

the massacre at Srebrenica was among the worst of many horrible atrocities to occur in the conflict in Bosnia and Herzegovina from April 1992 to November 1995, during which the policies of aggression and ethnic cleansing pursued by Bosnian Serb forces with the direct support of the Serbian regime of Slobodan Milosevic and its followers ultimately led to the displacement of more than 2,000,000 people, an estimated 200,000 killed, tens of thousands raped or otherwise tortured and abused, and the innocent civilians of Sarajevo and other urban centers repeatedly subjected to shelling and sniper attacks;

Whereas

Article 2 of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (done at Paris on December 9, 1948, and entered into force with respect to the United States on February 23, 1989) defines genocide as `any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group, as such: (a) killing members of the group; (b) causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group; (c) deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part; (d) imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group; and (e) forcibly transferring children of the group to another group’;

Whereas

on May 25, 1993, the United Nations Security Council adopted Resolution 827 establishing the world’s first international war crimes tribunal, the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY), based in The Hague, the Netherlands, and charging the ICTY with responsibility for investigating and prosecuting individuals suspected of committing war crimes, genocide, crimes against humanity and grave breaches of the 1949 Geneva Conventions on the territory of the former Yugoslavia since 1991;

Whereas

nineteen individuals at various levels of responsibility have been indicted, and in some cases convicted, for grave breaches of the 1949 Geneva Conventions, violations of the laws or customs of war, crimes against humanity, genocide, and complicity in genocide associated with the massacre at Srebrenica, three of whom, most notably Radovan Karadzic and Ratko Mladic, remain at large; and

Whereas

the international community, including the United States, has continued to provide personnel and resources, including through direct military intervention, to prevent further aggression and ethnic cleansing, to negotiate the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina (initialed in Dayton, Ohio, on November 21, 1995, and signed in Paris on December 14, 1995), and to help ensure its fullest implementation, including cooperation with the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia: Now, therefore, be it

Resolved,

That it is the sense of the House of Representatives that–

(1) the thousands of innocent people executed at Srebrenica in Bosnia and Herzegovina in July 1995, along with all individuals who were victimized during the conflict and genocide in Bosnia and Herzegovina from 1992 to 1995, should be solemnly remembered and honored;

(2) the policies of aggression and ethnic cleansing as implemented by Serb forces in Bosnia and Herzegovina from 1992 to 1995 meet the terms defining the crime of genocide in Article 2 of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide;

(3) foreign nationals, including United States citizens, who have risked and in some cases lost their lives in Bosnia and Herzegovina while working toward peace should be solemnly remembered and honored;

(4) the United Nations and its member states should accept their share of responsibility for allowing the Srebrenica massacre and genocide to occur in Bosnia and Herzegovina from 1992 to 1995 by failing to take sufficient, decisive, and timely action, and the United Nations and its member states should constantly seek to ensure that this failure is not repeated in future crises and conflicts;

(5) it is in the national interest of the United States that those individuals who are responsible for war crimes, genocide, crimes against humanity, and grave breaches of the 1949 Geneva Conventions, committed in Bosnia and Herzegovina, should be held accountable for their actions;

(6) all persons indicted by the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) should be apprehended and transferred to The Hague without further delay, and all countries should meet their obligations to cooperate fully with the ICTY at all times; and

(7) the United States should continue to support the independence and territorial integrity of Bosnia and Herzegovina, peace and stability in southeastern Europe as a whole, and the right of all people living in the region, regardless of national, racial, ethnic or religious background, to return to their homes and enjoy the benefits of democratic institutions, the rule of law, and economic opportunity, as well as to know the fate of missing relatives and friends.

Attest:

Clerk.

H. Res. 199

In the House of Representatives, U.S.,
[Passed on] June 27, 2005.

Serbs Bomb Maglaj with Napalm and Cluster Bombs, 12 dead and 50 wounded

The Telegraph-Herald, p.11B
8 October 1992.

SARAJEVO, Bosnia-Herzegovina — Rebel Serbs, heartened by their captured of a strategic border town, pounded other targets in northern Bosnia today, prompting warnings of possible foreign military intervention.

Sarajevo was relatively quiet. Repair crews set out to restore cut utilities to the capital and its surroundings, and a senior U.N. general warned the U.N. troops escorting them would return fire if the crews were attacked.

Serb artillery, meanwhile, pounded the towns of Gradacac and Maglaj with “destructive howitzer shells, particularly incendiary ones,” and attacked them by air, Bosnian radio said. Read the rest of this entry »

Meet Baby Emina, Born to Muslim Rape Victim in the Bosnian Genocide

The Spokesman-Review
13 January 1993.

ZAGREB, Croatia — She has no official name, but nurses at Petrova maternity hospital call her Emina [Bosnian Muslim name].

The baby was born in November to 17-year-old Bosniak girl who said she was raped repeatedly during three months in a Serb-run detention camp near Teslic in central Bosnia.

“She didn’t want to see the baby after the birth. She just left,” said Veselko Grizelj, the Zagreb hospital’s chief obstetrician. Where she went, is not known. Grizelj said the dark-haired infant has become the favorite of the hospital staff. Read the rest of this entry »

Written by genocideinbosnia

January 24, 2011 at 7:12 pm

Children of Rape Living Reminders of Horrible Secret of the Bosnian Genocide

Photo: Traumatized woman, Bosnian Muslim rape victim. Photo taken by Antony Loyd, noted war correspondent and former British Army officer. Image used for Fair Use Only and in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 for research and educational purposes.

Photo: Traumatized woman, Bosnian Muslim rape victim. Photo taken by Antony Loyd, noted war correspondent and former British Army officer. Image used for Fair Use Only and in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 for research and educational purposes.

By Teddie Weyr
Gadsden Times, p.A6
26 January 1993.

ZAGREB, Croatia (AP) — No one knows how many there may be. Outwardly, they will carry no scarlet letter. But a fear they may be stigmatized by their horrible secret has sparked a scramble to save innocents from the sins of their fathers.

They are the babies of victims of rape – living reminders of its use as a tool of war in Bosnia.

Publicity has touched a nerve and led to adoption offers from across the world. With the first few of these children already born and many more on the way, much is left to be decided. But it is clear many of their mothers never want to lay eyes on them. Read the rest of this entry »

Written by genocideinbosnia

January 23, 2011 at 7:42 pm

Muslims Hanging from Trees After the Fall of Srebrenica

Photo: Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) woman Ferida Osmanovic hanging from a tree after the fall of Srebrenica. Photographed by Darko Bandic. According to the U.S. Dept of State, another 14-year-old Bosniak child hung herself with her scarf in Potocari after she and her 12-year old cousin were raped by Serb soldiers.

Photo: Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) woman Ferida Osmanovic hanging from a tree after the fall of Srebrenica. Photographed by Darko Bandic. According to the U.S. Dept of State, another 14-year-old Bosniak child hung herself with her scarf in Potocari after she and her 12-year old cousin were raped by Serb soldiers.

By STEPHEN KINZER
Published: July 14, 1995.
New York Times

TUZLA, Bosnia and Herzegovina, July 13— Thousands of stunned Muslim refugees streamed into this town in northern Bosnia today, telling of bodies left hanging from trees and littering the street after the Bosnian Serb conquest of the “safe area” of Srebrenica.

Busloads of refugees, many with just the clothes on their backs, continued to arrive late into the night. They camped under a full moon on mosquito-infested fields near the Tuzla airport, trying to come to grips with their sudden losses.

Dozens of refugees interviewed here told similar stories of atrocities. Many said they had hidden fearfully in their homes on Tuesday night, after Bosnian Serbs had entered Srebrenica late Tuesday afternoon with virtually no resistance.

On Wednesday morning, these witnesses said, when Bosnian Serb soldiers routed them out to waiting buses for shipment to Government-held territory, they saw “many men hanging” — words repeatedly used — and many more men lying dead in the streets. There was no independent verification of their accounts.

The refugees said that they had heard some shots during the night but that many of the men had apparently been stabbed to death.

“I saw men who seemed to have gone crazy, killing people with knives,” said Vahida Nukic. “We didn’t know what was happening,” she added.

Some of the refugees also described rapes and abductions of women, notorious weapons of degradation in past episodes of “ethnic cleansing” by the Serbs.

Read the rest of this entry »

Written by genocideinbosnia

January 23, 2011 at 6:29 pm

Besieged Srebrenica Resembled Nazi Concentration Camps

Starving Bosniak Refugees Tell of Horror

Record-Journal, p.3
13 March 1993.

TUZLA, Bosnia-Herzegovina (AP) — The first emaciated wounded and sick arrived Friday from besieged Srebrenica, leaving behind near-starvation and desperate hardship, including amputation without anesthetic.

Doctors at Tuzla’s main hospital said 12 of the worst cases were flown in by Bosnian military helicopter from the Muslim-held enclave in eastern Bosnia.

A similar airlift two days ago evacuated eight wounded soldiers from the eastern Bosnian front, but Friday’s arrivals were the first from Srebrenica proper, a focus of U.N. relief attempts.

“All the time I was thinking of getting away to somewhere where I could heal,” said Sead Klempic, his bones throwing sharp contours into the blanket covering his wasted body. He was left paraplegic by shrapnel to the spine.

“It kept me alive,” he said. Read the rest of this entry »

The deafening silence: A Diet of Serbian Imperialism

By Linda Paric
Green Left, Issue #56.
20 May 1992.

On Mother’s Day 1992, my village died. It was killed by Serbian mortars, guns and bombs. It never made the news, just like dozens of Croatian and Muslim villages and towns in Croatia and Bosnia-Hercegovina. It is another Vukovar, Osijek, Mostar, Sarajevo, Ravno, Foca, Visegrad, Vinkovci, Skabrnje, Bijelina, Dalj, Ulice …

Gorice, in north-east Bosnia, had survived 500 years of Turkish occupation, the poverty created by its Serbian landlords since 1914, two world wars and postwar illness and famine.

Like most Croats and Bosniaks in Bosnia-Herzegovina, I grew up on a diet of Serbian imperialism. They were the police, the public servants, the bureaucrats, the politicians and the teachers. Like my brothers before me, I had a Serbian teacher, even though we were all Croatian. He taught us Serbian, under the guise of Serbo-Croat, and gave extra marks if we wrote in Cyrillic script.

Even this was not enough. Only the total destruction of anything that is not Serbian will now satisfy. Read the rest of this entry »

Written by genocideinbosnia

January 19, 2011 at 1:20 pm

World Looked Away, While Serbs Mutilated Bosniaks in Camps

Photo: Notorious Ciglana concentration camp near Zvornik. Čelopek, Ekonomija and Ciglana were three camps in which Serbs tortured and then mutilated Bosniak civilians in the municipality of Zvornik, eastern Bosnia (near Srebrenica). They cut Muslim ears, noses, and genitalia. Prisoners died in excruciating pain. Darko Janković (aka: 'Pufta') - from Kraljevo, Serbia - was particularly brutal. He was a collector of Muslim eyes, nose and ears; he took sadistic pleasure in butchering of Bosniak civilians.

Photo: Notorious Ciglana concentration camp near Zvornik. Čelopek, Ekonomija and Ciglana were three camps in which Serbs tortured and then mutilated Bosniak civilians in the municipality of Zvornik, eastern Bosnia (near Srebrenica). They cut Muslim ears, noses, and genitalia. Prisoners died in excruciating pain. Darko Janković (aka: 'Pufta') - from Kraljevo, Serbia - was particularly brutal. He was a collector of Muslim eyes, noses and ears; he took sadistic pleasure in butchering of Bosniak civilians. Photo credits: Hague Tribunal.

“The Serbs are taking out Muslims’ eyes, cutting off their fingers, ears, noses, cutting their bodies step by step and putting salt on their wounds, scarring their foreheads and backs or cheeks with Orthodox crosses and cutting off women’s breasts…”

Calling Attention to the Slaughter

By Nahid Khan
Moscow-Pullman Daily News
13 November 1992.

PULLMAN — Abdullah Hodzic was formerly the chief imam, or Muslim religious leader, of Zvornik, a Bosnian province [municipality] bordering Serbia.

That is, until the Serb army destroyed his mosque, burned all the books of his library and killed or drove out all the Bosnian Muslims [Bosniaks] from the area. Read the rest of this entry »

President Alija Izetbegovic, "Sarajevo Shall Survive"

“One victims remained alive for several minutes after both legs were cut off by a falling wall. His screams faded into deathly quiet, perspiration covering his face and he was dead by the time he was taken to hospital…”

46 killed, 303 wounded in 24 hours

The Press-Courier
24 August 1992

SARAJEVO, Bosnia-Herzegovina (AP) — The capital’s defenders suffered heavy casualties in what appeared to be a last-ditch attempt to gain ground before peace talks begin. Bosnia’s president vowed that “Sarajevo shall survive.”

President Alija Izetbegovic told reporters Sunday that his forces had made headway on the west side of the city, where they were trying to reach Sarajevo’s airport, now under U.N. control. But government military officials gave mixed signals. Read the rest of this entry »

The Siege of Mostar in 1993 during the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnian Genocide (1993) - Siege of Mostar in 1993

Bosnian Genocide (1993) - Siege of Mostar in 1993

Mostar was surrounded by the Croat forces for nine months, and much of its historic city was severely damaged in shelling including the famous Stari Most bridge.

Mostar was divided into a Western part, which was dominated by the Croat forces and an Eastern part where the Army of Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina was largely concentrated. However, the Bosnian Army had its headquarters in West Mostar in the basement of a building complex referred to as Vranica. In the early hours of May 9, 1993, the Croatian Defence Council (HVO) attacked Mostar using artillery, mortars, heavy weapons and small arms. The HVO controlled all roads leading into Mostar and international organisations were denied access. Radio Mostar announced that all Bosniaks should hang out a white flag from their windows. Read the rest of this entry »