Legally Validated Foca Genocide is part of Bosnian Genocide
Foca (Bosnian: Foča, pronounces as: FO-CHA) is a town in eastern Bosnia and Herzegovina on the Drina River, close to Srebrenica. In 1991, the population of the municipality of Foca consisted of 20,790 Bosniaks (Muslims), 18,315 Serbs (Orthodox), 94 Croats (Catholics), 463 Yugoslavs, and 851 Others.
In 1992, the city came under the control of Serbian paramilitaries. Most of the Bosniaks were expelled from the area. Foča was also the site of a rape camp in Partizan hall which was set up by the Serb authorities in which hundreds of Bosniak women were raped.
Once the Serb forces cleared Eastern Bosnia of much of its Bosniak civilian population, the towns and villages were securely in their hands. All of the Serb forces (i.e. the military, police, paramilitaries and sometimes, villagers too) applied the same pattern: houses and apartments of the expelled population were systematically ransacked or burnt down; remaining members of the Bosniak civilian population were rounded up or captured, and sometimes beaten or killed in the process.
13 mosques including the Aladža Mosque were destroyed and some 20,000 Bosniaks Muslims were forcibly expelled or confined into detention camps. Only about 10 Muslims remained at the end of the conflict. The International Criminal Tribunal judges determined beyond a reasonable doubt that the purpose of the Serb campaign in Foča was, among others, “to cleanse the Foča area of Muslims” and concluded that “to that end the campaign was successful. German judges found that Serb forces committed genocide in this municipality.
Convicted for Bosnian Genocide
Novislav Djajic was a Bosnian Serb commander who was indicted for participation in the Bosnian genocide, but the court failed to find that there was sufficient certainty for a criminal conviction that he had the intent to commit genocide. Nevertheless Djajic was found guilty of 14 cases of murder and one case of attempted murder.
At Djajic appeal on 23 May 1997, the Bavarian Appeals Chamber found that acts of genocide were indeed committed in June 1992 in the municipality of Foca (near Zvornik and Srebrenica). On 12 July, 2007, European Court of Human Rights dismissed Nikola Jorgic’s appeal. He remains convicted for the Foca genocide, which is part of the wider campaign of genocide perpetrated by the Serb forces in Bosnia-Herzegovina between 1992 and 1995.