Posts Tagged ‘Sarajevo’
“As for the Bosnian Serb leader, Radovan Karadzic, ‘he will lie, keep lying as he has done all the time, and he will kill more of us in the coming days” – Nedjara Beganovic.
Serb blockade claims lives of more children
The Victoria Advocate, p.4C
13 January 1993.
SARAJEVO, Bosnia-Herzegovina — Fifty-one children died of starvation and cold overnight in an eastern Bosnian town [Zepa] blockaded by Serbs and isolated for nine months, according to ham radio reports Wednesday. In addition, 34 adults perished Tuesday night in Zepa, 35 miles east of Sarajevo.
In Srebrenica, a town near the Serbia border, 17 people – including nine children – died during the night, according to the reports.
Amateur radio operators have been the only link to the outside for the 28,000 people of Zepa since April. Serb gunmen and mines prevent U.N. convoys from crossing snowy roads to the town, where some people are living in caves. Read the rest of this entry »
10 November 1993.
SARAJEVO, Bosnia-Herzegovina — A school became a war zone filled with the screams and broken bodies of children Tuesday in the deadliest attack in Sarajevo in nearly a month.
Bosnian Radio quoted Prime Minister Haris Silajdzic as saying nine children died in the mortar attack.
But early accounts had said that at least seven people, including three to four children and one teacher, were killed when mortar rounds exploded near the school entrance. There was no immediate explanation for the discrepancy between Silajdzic’s toll and the earlier reports. Read the rest of this entry »
in July 1995 thousands of men and boys who had sought safety in the United Nations-designated `safe area’ of Srebrenica in Bosnia and Herzegovina under the protection of the United Nations Protection Force (UNPROFOR) were massacred by Serb forces operating in that country;
beginning in April 1992, aggression and ethnic cleansing perpetrated by Bosnian Serb forces, while taking control of the surrounding territory, resulted in a massive influx of Bosniaks seeking protection in Srebrenica and its environs, which the United Nations Security Council designated a `safe area’ in Resolution 819 on April 16, 1993;
the UNPROFOR presence in Srebrenica consisted of a Dutch peacekeeping battalion, with representatives of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, the International Committee of the Red Cross, and the humanitarian medical aid agency Medecins Sans Frontieres (Doctors Without Borders) helping to provide humanitarian relief to the displaced population living in conditions of massive overcrowding, destitution, and disease;
Bosnian Serb forces blockaded the enclave early in 1995, depriving the entire population of humanitarian aid and outside communication and contact, and effectively reducing the ability of the Dutch peacekeeping battalion to deter aggression or otherwise respond effectively to a deteriorating situation;
beginning on July 6, 1995, Bosnian Serb forces attacked UNPROFOR outposts, seized control of the isolated enclave, held captured Dutch soldiers hostage and, after skirmishes with local defenders, ultimately took control of the town of Srebrenica on July 11, 1995;
an estimated one-third of the population of Srebrenica , including a relatively small number of soldiers, made a desperate attempt to pass through the lines of Bosnian Serb forces to the relative safety of Bosnian-held territory, but many were killed by patrols and ambushes;
the remaining population sought protection with the Dutch peacekeeping battalion at its headquarters in the village of Potocari north of Srebrenica but many of these individuals were randomly seized by Bosnian Serb forces to be beaten, raped, or executed;
Bosnian Serb forces deported women, children, and the elderly in buses, held Bosniak males over 16 years of age at collection points and sites in northeastern Bosnia and Herzegovina under their control, and then summarily executed and buried the captives in mass graves;
approximately 20 percent of Srebrenica’s total population at the time — at least 7,000 and perhaps thousands more — was either executed or killed;
the United Nations and its member states have largely acknowledged their failure to take actions and decisions that could have deterred the assault on Srebrenica and prevented the subsequent massacre;
Bosnian Serb forces, hoping to conceal evidence of the massacre at Srebrenica , subsequently moved corpses from initial mass grave sites to many secondary sites scattered throughout parts of northeastern Bosnia and Herzegovina under their control;
the massacre at Srebrenica was among the worst of many horrible atrocities to occur in the conflict in Bosnia and Herzegovina from April 1992 to November 1995, during which the policies of aggression and ethnic cleansing pursued by Bosnian Serb forces with the direct support of the Serbian regime of Slobodan Milosevic and its followers ultimately led to the displacement of more than 2,000,000 people, an estimated 200,000 killed, tens of thousands raped or otherwise tortured and abused, and the innocent civilians of Sarajevo and other urban centers repeatedly subjected to shelling and sniper attacks;
Article 2 of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (done at Paris on December 9, 1948, and entered into force with respect to the United States on February 23, 1989) defines genocide as `any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group, as such: (a) killing members of the group; (b) causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group; (c) deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part; (d) imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group; and (e) forcibly transferring children of the group to another group’;
on May 25, 1993, the United Nations Security Council adopted Resolution 827 establishing the world’s first international war crimes tribunal, the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY), based in The Hague, the Netherlands, and charging the ICTY with responsibility for investigating and prosecuting individuals suspected of committing war crimes, genocide, crimes against humanity and grave breaches of the 1949 Geneva Conventions on the territory of the former Yugoslavia since 1991;
nineteen individuals at various levels of responsibility have been indicted, and in some cases convicted, for grave breaches of the 1949 Geneva Conventions, violations of the laws or customs of war, crimes against humanity, genocide, and complicity in genocide associated with the massacre at Srebrenica, three of whom, most notably Radovan Karadzic and Ratko Mladic, remain at large; and
the international community, including the United States, has continued to provide personnel and resources, including through direct military intervention, to prevent further aggression and ethnic cleansing, to negotiate the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina (initialed in Dayton, Ohio, on November 21, 1995, and signed in Paris on December 14, 1995), and to help ensure its fullest implementation, including cooperation with the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia: Now, therefore, be it
That it is the sense of the House of Representatives that–
(1) the thousands of innocent people executed at Srebrenica in Bosnia and Herzegovina in July 1995, along with all individuals who were victimized during the conflict and genocide in Bosnia and Herzegovina from 1992 to 1995, should be solemnly remembered and honored;
(2) the policies of aggression and ethnic cleansing as implemented by Serb forces in Bosnia and Herzegovina from 1992 to 1995 meet the terms defining the crime of genocide in Article 2 of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide;
(3) foreign nationals, including United States citizens, who have risked and in some cases lost their lives in Bosnia and Herzegovina while working toward peace should be solemnly remembered and honored;
(4) the United Nations and its member states should accept their share of responsibility for allowing the Srebrenica massacre and genocide to occur in Bosnia and Herzegovina from 1992 to 1995 by failing to take sufficient, decisive, and timely action, and the United Nations and its member states should constantly seek to ensure that this failure is not repeated in future crises and conflicts;
(5) it is in the national interest of the United States that those individuals who are responsible for war crimes, genocide, crimes against humanity, and grave breaches of the 1949 Geneva Conventions, committed in Bosnia and Herzegovina, should be held accountable for their actions;
(6) all persons indicted by the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) should be apprehended and transferred to The Hague without further delay, and all countries should meet their obligations to cooperate fully with the ICTY at all times; and
(7) the United States should continue to support the independence and territorial integrity of Bosnia and Herzegovina, peace and stability in southeastern Europe as a whole, and the right of all people living in the region, regardless of national, racial, ethnic or religious background, to return to their homes and enjoy the benefits of democratic institutions, the rule of law, and economic opportunity, as well as to know the fate of missing relatives and friends.
H. Res. 199
In the House of Representatives, U.S.,
[Passed on] June 27, 2005.
“Death is at Home Here”
For elderly Bosnians, outlook is grim from a Sarajevo shelter
By Samir Krilic
The Free Lance-Star, p.A4
21 February 1995.
SARAJEVO, Bosnia-Herzegovina — Crammed onto one floor of a former school, dozens of elderly Bosnians silently await the end of the war, or their lives, whichever comes first.
The makeshift old people’s home was set up in August 1993 in a shell-shattered school building several hundred yards from the front line. It shelters 64 sick and old people with no one to turn to.
One doctor, five nurses, four orderlies and a social worker try to cope with the needs both of their live-in charges and 150 other elderly people, many living on their own.
Conditions are miserable. Many of the elderly are too sick or feeble to make it to the toilet, so they relieve themselves on the floor or in bed. Natural gas for heat is scarce, so rooms are often icy. For most, frugal meals of beans, lentils and rice are the only break in a day of staring at the walls. Read the rest of this entry »
Manila Standard, p.7
12 October 1992.
SARAJEVO, Bosnia-Herzegovina — Warplanes took to the skies over Bosnia in apparently open defiance of a United Nations ban while civilians were trapped by fighting in the north of the republic and shelling claimed new victims among the children of Sarajevo.
Government-controlled Bosnian radio on Saturday reported fierce air attacks by Serb planes on the besieged Bosniak-held town of Gradacac which if true made a mockery of a ban on military flights decided by the Security Council on Friday.
It said they were “the heaviest attacks on Gradacac since the start of the war… the whole town is demolished and still burning.” Read the rest of this entry »
By Chuck Sudetic
October 11, 1992.
ZAGREB, Croatia — At least 19 people were killed and 34 wounded in Serbian air attacks on the Bosnian town of Gradacac, less than 24 hours after the United Nations imposed a ban on military flights over Bosnia and Herzegovina, radio reports said.
Other civilians were hit in Serbian air strikes in Croatian-populated villages in northern Bosnia near Brcko, Sarajevo and Zagreb radios reported. They said Bosnian forces had shot down one Serbian MIG fighter. Read the rest of this entry »
Serbian Shelling Shatters Tranquility
By Samir Krilic
Times Daily, p.10A
17 October 1993.
The renewed military activity led to fears of an impending major attack, since artillery often is used to soften up targets for tanks and infantry.
The main Kosevo hospital reported seven dead and 40 wounded from the shelling, which began before dawn, but eased by evening.
Lt. Col. Bill Aikman, a spokesman for U.N. troops, described the shelling as the “heaviest for months.” The intensity of the barrage — U.N. monitors counted 540 projectiles hitting the city by midafternoon — caused the United Nations to cancel flights into the city for four hours. Read the rest of this entry »
Bosnian Soldier Hunts His Father
30 December 1992.
By Neil MacFarquhar
Samir, fighting on the Bosnian government side, is in an anti-tank squadron in the suburb of Stup, where his father, Ljubomir Petrovic, commands a tank battalion for the Serbs [who terrorize Sarajevo].
“Chances are pretty good. I think about it a lot. It inspired me to fight,” the 19-year-old said in an interview at home, surrounded by his mother’s Bosniak relatives. He interrogates captured Serbs for news of his father.
The war that broke out nine months ago has destroyed much of Sarajevo and frayed the interwoven threads of its multiethnic culture. Some Serbs have left to fight with the Serb nationalists challenging the Bosnian government. Families like the Petrovics have split. Read the rest of this entry »
24 May 1992.
SPLIT, Croatia — Part of the biggest wave of refugees in Europe since World War II, Adnan Hebib describes what it’s like to be an 11-year-old held hostage in the hell of Sarajevo.
“In our shelter I saw a man with his arm torn off, and another one with his intestines hanging out of his stomach when a shell hit us and killed four people,” Adnan recalled.
He and his mother, Adnija Hebib, 40, a Slavic Muslim [Bosniak], and brother Admir, 9, reached the port of Split late Friday in a column of 3,000 people, mostly mothers and children. They had spent three days of captivity in Sarajevo, the Bosnian capital, at the hands of Serb irregulars.
The irregulars let them go after Bosnian authorities let food through to besieged barracks of the Serb-led federal army in Sarajevo. Read the rest of this entry »
“We had to end these negotiations because of these monstrous acts on the part of these [Serb] terrorists.” – Haris Silajdzic, Bosnia’s foreign minister.
28 May 1992.
BELGRADE, Yugoslavia — The European Community imposed trade sanctions on Serbia on Wednesday to stop its interference in Bosnia, which pleaded for foreign intervention after a gruesome mortar attack on an outdoor market.
At least 20 people were killed and more than 100 wounded when three mortar shells fell Wednesday morning on a market where they were standing in line for bread, said Ejup Ganic, Bosnia’s deputy premier.
The market on Sime Miskin Street was strewn with scores of bleeding people, with corpses and weeping men and women with torn-off limbs.
Sarajevo TV showed an elderly man, still clutching his bread, leaning helplessly against the wall with blood pouring from his face. A women sitting in streams of blood reached out feebly for help. Read the rest of this entry »
“The Serbs just lure us out of our homes by cutting off the water supplies so they can massacre us… I saw it, heads and limbs flew everywhere. I’ve never seen anything so awful.”
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, p.A3.
13 July 1993.
SARAJEVO, Bosnia-Herzegovina (REUTERS) — Serb forces besieging the Bosnian capital lobbed amortar shell onto a group of people lining up for water at a garden pump yesterday, killing 12 and wounding 15, hospital and police officials said.
“The Serbs just lure us out of our homes by cutting off the water supplies so they can massacre us,” sobbed Dervisa Fazlic as doctors dressed a wound in her arm.
“This is our reality. This i not life. But what can be done?” said Visnja Tufekdzic as she grimly cleaned and wrapped the body of two friends, a mother and teen-age daughter, in a cement shack serving as a makeshift morgue.
The afternoon attack, unreported for two hours because a power blackout cut Sarajevo’s phone lines, was the latest episode in a Serb reign of terror in the Bosnian capital. Read the rest of this entry »
By John Pomfret
The Daily Gazette
31 August 1992, p.A1,A3
SARAJEVO, Bosnia-Herzegovina — A howitzer shell crashed into a crowded marketplace Sunday, killing at least 15 people and wounding dozens in one of the bloodiest single attacks during the Serbs’ siege of Sarajevo.
Meanwhile, fierce fighting around Gorazde forced U.N. officials to delay plans to dispatch an aid convoy.
Serbs announced Saturday they were lifting their five-month siege of the city southeast of Sarajevo.
“It appears to be extremely dangerous,” said Fred Eckhard, chief spokesman for U.N. operations in former Yugoslavia. He said the convoy might leave on Wednesday.
Gorazde, as the lone government holdout against Serb insurgents in eastern Bosnia-Herzegovina, has been an emotional symbol of the war that began when the majority Bosniaks and Croat voted for independence from Yugoslavia on Feb. 29. As many as 100,000 people have been trapped there. Read the rest of this entry »
A funeral, a hospital – another miserable day in Sarajevo
By John Daniszewski
The Item, 12 October 1992.
SARAJEVO, Bosnia-Herzegovina – No one at the Children’s Surgery Clinic had the hard to tell Darko Vapetic that his parents wouldn’t be coming.
The eight-year-old boy, lying in a hospital cot after surgery for shrapnel wounds, was calling for his parents. The same Serbian shelling that almost took off Darko’s leg had also killed his parents.
Across town on Sunday, the Islamic faithful buried one of Bosnia’s senior Muslim religious leaders, a 32-year-old imam struck down in the doorway of his house by another shell.
It was a typically miserable day in Sarajevo. Read the rest of this entry »
Serbs Begin Major Assault
12 July 1992.
By John Burns
SARAJEVO, Bosnia-Herzegovima — Four days after the leaders of seven major industrial democracies demanded an end to Serbian military offensives in Bosnia-Herzegovina, Serbian nationalist forces on Saturday began a major assault on the last big Muslim-controlled town in eastern Bosnia.
The attack by the Serbs on Gorazde, about 70 miles east of Sarajevo, threw the Bosnian government into further desperation.
President Alija Izetbegovic, returning here on Saturday afternoon aboard a Western relief flight from a meeting on Thursday with President Bush in Helsinki, was greeted by angry demands from Bosniak fighters that he release scarce stocks on ammunition for an attempt to break through to Gorazde.
With the capture of Gorazde, where 50,000 people are under siege, Serbian forces would be freed to concentrate attacks here on Sarajevo, the capital. Bosnian government force in Sarajevo are being weakened daily by diminishing supplies of ammunition in their attempt to withstand shelling and the Serbian siege. Read the rest of this entry »
Serbs bombard funeral to Bosniak (Muslim) and Serb (Christian) children
Serbian Shells Shatter Funeral
4 August 1992.
SARAJEVO, Bosnia-Herzegovina (AP) — Four shells thumped into a cemetery Tuesday just after mourning relatives and orphans buried two children killed by Serbian sniper fire that hit a bus carrying them away from the bombed-out capital.
The mortar attack, apparently intentional, came as U.N. officials announced they were suspending aid airlifts to Sarajevo for three days because the intensity of fighting made it unsafe for planes to land.
The bodies of Vedrana Glavas [Serb girl], a mentally retarded 2-year-old, and 1-year-old Roki Sulejmanovic [Bosniak boy] had just been placed side by side in the earth by a battered statue of a lion, Bosnia’s symbol, when three shells exploded. Read the rest of this entry »
“One victims remained alive for several minutes after both legs were cut off by a falling wall. His screams faded into deathly quiet, perspiration covering his face and he was dead by the time he was taken to hospital…”
46 killed, 303 wounded in 24 hours
24 August 1992
SARAJEVO, Bosnia-Herzegovina (AP) — The capital’s defenders suffered heavy casualties in what appeared to be a last-ditch attempt to gain ground before peace talks begin. Bosnia’s president vowed that “Sarajevo shall survive.”
President Alija Izetbegovic told reporters Sunday that his forces had made headway on the west side of the city, where they were trying to reach Sarajevo’s airport, now under U.N. control. But government military officials gave mixed signals. Read the rest of this entry »
Ahatovići massacre refers to a massacre committed by the Serbs of at least 47 Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) from the village of Ahatovići, in the municipality of Novi Grad, Sarajevo during the Bosnian War. Note: In 1996, about 50 bodies were exhumed. The following is original reporting of the massacre:
Bosniak Survivors Recount Brutality and Mass Slayings
John F. Burns
June 21, 1992
SARAJEVO, — Toward dusk last Sunday, a bus carrying 56 Muslim Slav [Bosniak] villagers being held hostage by Serbian nationalist troops was halted on a mountainous country road about 10 miles north of Sarajevo.
The hostages, men between 17 and 63 years old, were told that the bus’s radiator had boiled over and that they should lie face-down on the floor while water was fetched from a stream.
According to survivors, the Serbian gunmen then got off the bus, walked 30 yards up a stony hillside and opened fire on the vehicle with a bazooka and automatic weapons. Read the rest of this entry »
Dr. Mustafa Cerić is the Grand Mufti of Bosnia-Herzegovina (leader of Islamic community) and a prominent member of the Committee on Conscience fighting against the Holocaust denial.
Invited by president of Fondation pour la Memoire de la Shoah, David de Rothschild, Reisu-l-ulema Dr. Mustafa Cerić took part today in Paris, the seat of the UNESCO, in the presentation of Projet Aladin, accompanied by some two hundred prominent intellectuals, historians, academics and political personae from thirty countries, most of them from the Islamic world.
The gathering is about cultural and educational initiative for promotion of the Jewish-Muslim dialogue based upon mutual acquaintance, respect and refusal to deny and diminish Holocaust. Hosted by the UNESCO, former President of France Jacques Chirac, Prince El-Hassan bin Talaal of Jordan, former President of Indonesia Abdurrahman Wahid and former German Chancellor Gerhardt Schroeder, project “Aladdin” aims to assist in Muslim-Jewish dialogue so as to remove many a prejudice and stereotype which burden the Muslim-Jewish relations in the world.
“The call of conscience”
A statement, titled “The Call of Conscience”, was adopted to denote the principle of the project: Read the rest of this entry »
This is a three-part documentary by the British journalist Robert Fisk, filmed in the early 1990s focusing on Lebanon, Palestine, Egypt and Bosnia, conflicts tearing these countries apart (except Egypt) and how American policies are –in Fisk’s view- affecting these conflicts and the lives of Muslims. The third part is entitled “To The Ends of the Earth” and focuses on Egypt and Bosnia.
First the Bricks, then the Soul
New Sunday Times
18 October 1992.
(A Bosnian refugee)
ZAGREB: The Serbian academic dissident Bogdan Bogdanovic said:
“Serbian fascism is especially dangerous because it originates in the rural areas, and feels no responsibility for the architecture of towns.”
Their criminal attack on urban areas has been especially directed towards Bosnia-Herzegovinian towns, mainly the Muslim ones of Foca, Visegrad, Zvornik, Sarajevo, Srebrenica, Brcko, and the old towns of Prusac.
Bosniak and Croatian architectures of value in Mostar have been especially attacked and religious buildings — mosques, abbeys, Catholic churches, graveyards, and other sacred places, have become particular targets. Read the rest of this entry »
Bosnian Spy Dies in War that Joined Her, Husband
2 September 1992.
SARAJEVO, Bosnia-Herzegovina — The death notice in the newspaper was brief: “One last goodbye to Carmen Emini Konda.”
It had to be that way. “There was too much to say, so I couldn’t say anything,” her husband said.
Bosnian soldier, intelligence operative and karate aficionado, Carmen Konda died after a car accident late last month under heavy Serb gunfire.
She was a homemaker who missed her children, cooking and dancing — one of thousands of ordinary Yugoslavs forced by war to do extraordinary things.
Her death was one of hundreds recently among the Bosnian army, which has fought Serb rebels since Bosnia-Herzegovina’s majority Bosniaks and Croats voted for independence from Yugoslavia in February.
The 32-year-old woman cut a dashing figure among the fighters of her team in Stup II, a western Sarajevo suburb. She moved daily behind Serb lines, gathering intelligence about enemy positions.
“She was the most beautiful woman in the world,” said Atif Saronjic, her 39-year-old husband. “She she died, I lost everything.”
Saronjic, a thin man with a striking face and charcoal beard, met Carmen late last year in the Croatian port of Split as war in that former Yugoslav republic raged between Serb and Croat forces.
A former marine commando with the Yugoslav navy, Saronjic went to Sarajevo to help form the defense forces of this small country — sandwiched between Croatia and Serbia — as tensions mounted.
He had recently left his wife, so Carmen accompanied him. Three sons — two his and one hers from previous marriages — were left with Carmen’s mother in Split.
Love during wartime is said to be the most passionate and also the most tragic. Theirs was no exception.
In April, soon after Serb militias began grabbing chunks of Bosnia, Serb forces arrested the couple as they drove near Stup. He was carrying a walkie-talkie and she some bullets. Twenty-four days later they were released.
“When you are beaten with someone and tortured together, it brings you closer. It makes a terrible bond,” Saronjic said.
The worst, he said, was the psychological terror. Twice, they were told their executions were night. Twice, they were driven blindfolded to a burial ground. Twice, nothing happened.
Serbs exchanged the pair for some Serb prisoners.
A little more than a month later they were officially married.
“I used to watch movies like James Bond that showed that women could do everything,” Carmen said last month. “But when you’re in this, you wish you were back in a normal life. … From time to time, when no one’s looking, I cry a bit.”
Now her husband is crying.
“Last night I dreamed about her,” he said. “She came to me and said, ‘Never go to a dangerous place.’ She said,’I don’t want to lose you.’”
A five-year-old Bosniak girl who was severely injured in the fighting in Bosnia has been flown to Britain for treatment. Irma Hadzimuratovic whose suffering has come to symbolise the agony of the Bosnian Genocide was rescued from Sarajevo and taken to the Great Ormond Street Hospital for Sick Children in London, UK.
She was seriously injured by a Serbian mortar bomb in Sarajevo which killed her mother and 14 others in a market square in Bosnia’s capital, Sarajevo. She was close to death before the British Government arranged to fly her to the UK. The RAF flew her out of Sarajevo with her father, Ramis, and three-year old sister. Read the rest of this entry »
By Srecko Latal
The Daily Gazette
25 June 1995.
SARAJEVO, Bosnia-Herzegovina — Rebel Serbs sneaked through government lines and opened fire on an eastern city, inflicting numerous civilian casualties, state radio said Saturday.
In the capital of Sarajevo, fighting ebbed to its lowest level since the government launched an offensive June 15, but fierce fighting was reported in northeastern Bosnia.
Government radio said a Serb sabotage unit slipped into the government-held city of Srebrenica early Saturday and committed “a massacre against the civilian population. There are many dead and wounded.” Read the rest of this entry »
29 May 1995.
By George Jahn
SARAJEVO, Bosnia-Herzegovina — Bosnia’s foreign minister and three colleagues were killed Sunday when rebel Serbs shot down their helicopter near the Bosnian-Croatian border. Serbs, defying escalating global condemnation, also seized more U.N. peacekeepers.
Croatian Serb forces claimed responsibility for downing the chopper, the Croatian Serb news agency ISKRA reported. The helicopter had traveled 10 miles from the besieged Bosnian government-held enclave of Bihac when it crashed just across the Croatian border.
Bosnian Serbs, confident U.N. hostages would shield them from a repeat of last week’s NATO air raids on ammunition dumps, seized 33 more peacekeepers, all British, near Gorazde in eastern Bosnia. Five of the captured peacekeepers were later injured in a car accident, Bosnian Serb TV said.
By nightfall, the Serbs held 317 U.N. personnel, the U.N. said, including more than 200 peacekeepers, most of them French, surrounded near Sarajevo and 30 U.N. monitors, some of whom were chained to potential NATO targets.
As the Serbs upped the stakes, frustrated U.N. officials demanded their masters in the world’s capitals tell them what to do: stand tough or back away in the most humiliating retreat of the United Nations’ 50-year history. Read the rest of this entry »
By MAUD S. BEELMAN
1 June 1993.
SARAJEVO, Bosnia-Herzegovina — At least 11 people were killed and 40 wounded today when two shells slammed into a crowd watching a soccer match in a Sarajevo suburb, hospital officials said.
The attack appeared to be one of the worst on civilians in the besieged Bosnian capital since the so-called “bread-line massacre” one year ago, when 16 people were killed in the center of Sarajevo while waiting in line for bread.
Sarajevo has been under relentless assault by Serbian rebel forces for nearly 14 months. Read the rest of this entry »
The Milwaukee Journal
8 February 1994.
“All those who are depriving us of this natural right to self-defense will be considered accomplices in this crime.” – Bosnian President Alija Izetbegovic
The United States and its NATO allies essentially have completed their military planning for air strikes over Bosnia, but the Pentagon remains leery of such a move because of the serious risks involved, US officials say.
Defense Secretary William Perry, while acknowledging that air strikes were “among the options” being considered by the allies, said Monday, “we’re trying to … minimize the problems and the limitations.”
The Pentagon, acting on a request from the White House, drew up a full-fledged mission plan in August, defense analysts said. It includes a list of aircraft and crews that would be needed and a wide choice of targets, depending on the military objectives. Read the rest of this entry »
War turns neighbor against neighbor
By George Rodrigue
Dallas Morning News
9 May 1993.
Borislav Herak was 21 when the war started. The former Serb fighter was a little crazy and frequently drunk, a high-school dropout whose most demanding job was pushing carts of flour through a Sarajevo bakery. Read the rest of this entry »
Six children Killed in shelling on Sarajevo
The Southeast Missourian, p.5A
23 January 1994.
Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina — The sun glistened on new snow, and after a week of relative quiet in Bosnia’s besieged capital, children were out sledding and skating. Then the shells slammed down Saturday.
Six children died, hospital and morgue workers said. At least three children-suffered serious wounds and one adult was injured.
Parents frantically got their children off the streets. Although there was no sustained bombardment, the Bosniak-led government immediately put the city back on general alert, a warning for people to stay indoors.
In Alipasino Polje, the western Sarajevo neighbourhood where the deaths occurred, witnesses said at least four shells exploded around 1 p.m. Scores of children were outside sledding on snowy hills and skating in the icy streets. Read the rest of this entry »
By CHRIS HEDGES
Published: March 25, 1996.
VISEGRAD, Bosnia and Herzegovina, March 21 — For the thousands of Bosniaks who fled from this town in eastern Bosnia, and for the Serbs who remained, the war has bound this generation and the next to a Serbian militia leader named Milan Lukic.
Witnesses and survivors say Mr. Lukic, 29, killed scores of Muslims in this region from 1992 to 1995. He has not been indicted by the United Nations’ war crimes tribunal in The Hague, and the Serbs in Visegrad say they do not know his whereabouts.
Beyond Visegrad, his name and story are largely unknown. But detailed accounts collected during the last two weeks from witnesses, many of them now dispersed around Bosnia, provide a picture of slaughter, pillage and abuse condoned by the local authorities and Serbian commanders from Belgrade. Read the rest of this entry »