Genocide in Bosnia

Bosnian Genocide, 1992-1995

Posts Tagged ‘Ethnic Cleansing

Vitez massacres in Central Bosnia claim lives of 172 Bosniaks

Bosnian Genocide (1993) Bosnian Genocide (1993) Photograph of trenching area on the Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) side of Stari Vitez. Photo: The International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY).

Bosnian Genocide (1993) Bosnian Genocide (1993) Photograph of trenching area on the Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) side of Stari Vitez. Photo: The International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY).

In the early morning of April 16, 1993 at about 5:45 to 6:00 a.m. Bosniak areas of Vitez and Krušćica were attacked by Croat artillery, which increased during the morning and included mortar fire of various calibre.

It was the first coordinated offensive in the area with attacks happening simultaneously up and down the valley.

According to professional military opinion of a British colonel, the Army of Bosnia and Herzegovina (ARBiH) had been taken by surprise. Croatian Defence Council (HVO) soldiers in camouflage uniforms entered the streets of Vitez, arresting Bosniaks and killing them in their apartments. Read the rest of this entry »

Written by genocideinbosnia

January 14, 2011 at 6:16 pm

Zenica massacre claims 65 casualties in Croat attack

The Zenica massacre shows dead bodies. In the Croat shelling of Zenica on 19 April 1993, 15 civilians were killed and 50 seriously wounded. Bosnian Genocide (1993). Photo courtesy: The International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY).

The Zenica massacre shows dead bodies. In the Croat shelling of Zenica on 19 April 1993, 15 civilians were killed and 50 seriously wounded. Bosnian Genocide (1993). Photo courtesy: The International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY).

On 19 April 1993, Croat forces attacked Zenica. The attack resulted in 65 casualties; 15 Bosniak civilians were killed, while another 50 were seriously injured, many of them paralyzed and blinded from shrapnels. The shells landed in three groups of two, at 12:10 p.m., 12:24 p.m. and 12:29 p.m.

Croats blamed the Serbs for the massacre, but Hague Tribunal discarded such claims during Dario Kordic trial.

The International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY) established that the market place in Zenica was shelled by the Croatian Council of Defence (HVO) on April 19, 1993 from the village of Putičevo, 15 kilometres from Zenica, resulting in a massacre. Read the rest of this entry »

Written by genocideinbosnia

January 14, 2011 at 12:55 pm

Ahmici Massacre, Croats Slaughtered 120 Bosniak Civilians

Bosnian Genocide (1993), Ahmici massacre of 120 Bosniak civilians. Photograph shows destroyed mosque in Ahmici with derogatory messages written on the rubble of the mosque. Croat forces were responsible for the Ahmici massacre.

Bosnian Genocide (1993), Ahmici massacre of 120 Bosniak civilians. Photograph shows destroyed mosque in Ahmici with derogatory messages written on the rubble of the mosque. Croat forces were responsible for the Ahmici massacre.

The Ahmici massacre was the culmination of the Lašva Valley ethnic cleansing. It is the single largest massacre committed by the Croats against Bosniaks in the Bosnian war.

The attack began at 05:30 hours on April 16, 1993. The Croat Defence Council (HVO) shelled the Bosniak part of Ahmići and moved in killing many Bosniaks, including women, children and the elderly.

Photograph shows bodies of 4 dead Bosniaks. Photo courtesy the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY). -- Bosnian Genocide (1993), Ahmici massacre of 120 Bosnian Muslim civilians, perpetrated by the Croat forces.

Photograph shows bodies of 4 dead Bosniaks. Photo courtesy the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY). -- Bosnian Genocide (1993), Ahmici massacre of 120 Bosnian Muslim civilians, perpetrated by the Croat forces.

They destroyed a large number of Bosniak homes, and caused extensive damage to the village’s two mosques. An estimate puts the death toll to at least 120. Read the rest of this entry »

Written by genocideinbosnia

January 13, 2011 at 11:23 pm

Bosnian Muslims and Jews have a joint experience of persecution and genocide in Europe

Bosnian genocide mass grave at Pilica farm near Srebrenica, twenty feet deep and a hundred feet long, was excavated by forensic pathologists in 1996. Bosniak victims were blindfolded with hands tied behind their back. Photo by Gilles Peress (from The Graves: Srebrenica and Vukovar (Scalo Books, 1998)).

Bosnian genocide mass grave at Pilica farm near Srebrenica, twenty feet deep and a hundred feet long, was excavated by forensic pathologists in 1996. Bosniak victims were blindfolded with hands tied behind their back. Photo by Gilles Peress (from The Graves: Srebrenica and Vukovar (Scalo Books, 1998)).

Dr. Mustafa Cerić is the Grand Mufti of Bosnia-Herzegovina (leader of Islamic community) and a prominent member of the Committee on Conscience fighting against the Holocaust denial.

Invited by president of Fondation pour la Memoire de la Shoah, David de Rothschild, Reisu-l-ulema Dr. Mustafa Cerić took part today in Paris, the seat of the UNESCO, in the presentation of Projet Aladin, accompanied by some two hundred prominent intellectuals, historians, academics and political personae from thirty countries, most of them from the Islamic world.

The gathering is about cultural and educational initiative for promotion of the Jewish-Muslim dialogue based upon mutual acquaintance, respect and refusal to deny and diminish Holocaust. Hosted by the UNESCO, former President of France Jacques Chirac, Prince El-Hassan bin Talaal of Jordan, former President of Indonesia Abdurrahman Wahid and former German Chancellor Gerhardt Schroeder, project “Aladdin” aims to assist in Muslim-Jewish dialogue so as to remove many a prejudice and stereotype which burden the Muslim-Jewish relations in the world.

“The call of conscience”

A statement, titled “The Call of Conscience”, was adopted to denote the principle of the project: Read the rest of this entry »

Muslims in Bosnia Converting to Christianity, Fear for Their Lives

New Straits Times
14 December 1993.

BRCKO, Tuesday. — Hundreds of Muslims [Bosniaks] living in Ser-controlled areas in Bosnia have converted to the Orthodox Church and changed their names to distance themselves from their Islamic origins.

But the move in Brcko and surrounding villages is being warily watched by Bosnian Serb authorities worried about its effect on international opinion.

Since January some “hundred people, most of them Muslims” have changed their names, civilian leader Luka Puric told reporters in the north-eastern town of Brcko, 160km west of the Serbian capital, Belgrade. Read the rest of this entry »

Written by genocideinbosnia

January 12, 2011 at 7:20 pm

A Group of 70 Bosniak Civilians Burned Alive by Serbs (14 June 1992)

Face of Evil: Bosnian Serb Milan Lukic was a leader of the paramilitary group responsible for burning to death Bosniak civilians in Visegrad during the Bosnian genocide (1992-95)

On 6 April 1992 units from the Yugoslav People’s Army (“JNA”) began bombarding the town of Višegrad (adjoining municipality south of Srebrenica) and its environs with artillery.Višegrad is located close to the Serbian border. The bombardment predominantly affected Muslim neighbourhoods and villages.

Once the JNA left on 19 May 1992, local Serb leaders, police and paramilitaries began of the most notorious campaigns of ethnic cleansing, rapes, and massacres in the conflict. Thousands of Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) men, women, and children were killed and dumped around the town or brought to the historic Ottoman bridge, killed and dumped in the River Drina. Read the rest of this entry »

Bosnian Genocide (1992-95) Confirmed by Four International Judgements

OTHER THAN SREBRENICA: Srebrenica is one of four legally validated genocides that occurred in Bosnia-Herzegovina during the 1992-95 Serbian aggression. Other notable cases of the Bosnian Genocide include international judgements in the following trials: Prosecutor v Jorgic (Doboj region), Prosecutor v Djajic (Foča region), and Prosecutor v Sokolovic (Kalesija/Zvornik region).

All three cases were tried in Germany — at the request of the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY) — to ease caseload of the ongoing trials at the Hague. Both Nikola Jorgic and Maksim Sokolovic were convicted of genocide (other than Srebrenica); Novislav Djajic was acquitted, but the court confirmed that genocide against the Bosniak population was committed by the Serb forces in eastern Bosnian municipality of Foca.

Bosnian Genocide Memorial in the Cathedral of St. John the Divine in New York – the Largest Christian Church in the World

Cathedral of St. John the Divine in New York

Dedicated to the Bosnian Genocide Read the rest of this entry »

Doboj Genocide, Serbs Raped 2,000-2,500 Bosniak & Croat Women & Children

Excerpt from “Mass rape: the war against women in Bosnia-Herzegovina” By Alexandra Stiglmayer, Marion Faber

“I saw about seven or eight little girls who died after they were raped. I saw how they took them away to be raped and then brought them back unconscious. They three them down in front of us…”

The Rape Camp in Doboj

According to the statements of three women, there was a women’s camp in the northern Bosnian town of Doboj in which approximately 2,000 Bosniak and Croatian women as well as a few children were detained in May and June 1992 (three years before the Srebrenica genocide. Note that Doboj Genocide is another legally validated case of genocide in Bosnia.). This number is very high, and I have discussed it at length with the women. They insist it is correct and say that the gymnasium of the Djure Pucar Stari school in which they were housed was very big, that international handball tournaments were held in it previously, that it even had tiers of seats, and that it was “completely overcrowded.”

“We couldn’t move without stepping on somebody,” says forty-year-old Kadira.” “There might even have been 2,500 women.” Read the rest of this entry »

Element of Bosnian Genocide, Systematic Rape of Muslim Women

A pattern of crime: Serbian soldiers repeatedly raped Bosniak women and girls as young as 6 and 7.

January 04, 1993.
NEWSWEEK

About all she has left is her name, which she prefers to keep to herself, and the shocking memories of last July. That’s when Serbian troops stormed the northwest Bosnian village of Rizvanovici, and S., a 20-year-old Bosniak [Bosnian Muslim] woman with a ponytail, was rounded up with 400 other women in the yard of a neighbor’s house. Two soldiers, wearing camouflage uniforms and Serbian crosses around their necks, picked S. and her friend I. out of the crowd.

“They brought us to an empty house and there they did what they wanted to do,” says S. dully. “First we had to excite them and then we had to satisfy them.” Afterward the Serbs traded partners. The girls had been virgins. “They were laughing at us,” S. recalls. “They said we were pretty girls and [that] we saved ourselves for them.”

Her ordeal didn’t end there. After being raped and dumped at the yard, one of the soldiers came back to bring S. to his commander. “He told me to take off my clothes and to lie down on the bed,” she says. “Then he did the same thing. Read the rest of this entry »

Ethnic Cleansing of Bosnia, "Civilian Committee for the Exchange of Population"

Ellensburg Daily Record
21 September 1994.

BIJELJINA, Bosnia-Herzegovina — Vojkan Djurkovic [Serb] describes himself as a nice guy, just trying to help people get to where they want to go.

Not so, according to hundreds of Bosniaks who say Djurkovic and his henchmen stole their homes and belongings and forced them to travel through a war zone in northern Bosnia to ‘safety.’

The same story is told by many of the thousands of non-Serbs who have arrived this summer in the government-held town of Tuzla, 30 miles southwest of Bijeljina. They accuse Djurkovic and his Orwellian-sounding Civilian Committee for the Exchange of Population of carrying out a mass purge meant to make the region pure Serb. Read the rest of this entry »

Written by genocideinbosnia

January 3, 2011 at 12:32 am

Mid August 1992: Serbs Expel 30,000 Bosniaks and Croats from Northern Bosnia

EMMA DALY Sarajevo
Monday, 23 October 1995
Sarajevo

The trench warfare has stopped – at least for the time being – under the terms of the Bosnian ceasefire brokered by Washington, but there is concern that a campaign against civilians is continuing, particularly in Serb-held northern Bosnia. United Nations officials, who have beseeched the Serb leader, Radovan Karadzic, to adhere to the part of the agreement which requires the humane treatment of civilians, fear for the safety of several thousand Bosniaks [Bosnian Muslims] and Croats [Bosnian Catholics] missing in the area. Read the rest of this entry »

Sanski Most: Shattered Lives of the Bosnian Genocide

Seasons in Hell: understanding Bosnia’s war

By Vulliamy, Ed

Simon and Schuster, New York and London, 1994, 370 pages.

“All day long, the refugees, or deportees as they should more properly be called, had been made to run a gauntlet of fear, hate, arrogance, humiliation and uncertainty on the day that had started with them being bullied out of their homes in Sanski Most. The announcement came over the radio, Radio Sana, that the convoy was leaving, and it had been made clear that this was among the last chances. The previous night had been one of horrific violence, with gangs lobbing grenades through the windows of people’s homes and firing willy-nilly on the streets of the Muslim quarters. The mosque had been blown up, all Muslim shops burned and looted, Muslims sacked from their jobs and some undamaged houses allocated to new, incoming Serb families, their names posted above the doorways. Tickets for the journey were purchased from the police, the fare payable in Deutschmarks. People could use the buses and trucks provided, or take their own vehicles. The convoy left shortly before midday”. Read the rest of this entry »

Written by genocideinbosnia

December 26, 2010 at 11:07 pm

Systematic Rapes of Bosnian Muslim Women, An Instrument of the Bosnian War 1992-95

Introduction by Khadija Husain: Systematic rape is a brutal tactic used in times of war to terrorize women by sexually assaulting them. It has also been used as a means to perform ethnic cleansing by degrading and demoralizing the persecuted ethnic group. According to international law, systematic rape has been declared a crime against humanity as well as a war crime. It is also one of the criteria that identifies a genocide.

The concept of systematic rape was utilized during the genocide in the Bosnian War. During the ethnic cleansing performed by the Serbian soldiers against the Bosnian Muslims, the Bosnian women and girls were tortured by sexual violence. A United Nations committee determined that the number of women who were raped was around twenty thousand, whereas the Bosnian government estimated that there were in fact fifty thousand rape victims. As a result, war crime tribunals are now allowed to prosecute superior officers and hold them liable for the actions of their subordinate soldiers.

Currently in the city of Darfur in Sudan, the Janjawid militia is systematically raping the women there leading to another human rights crisis. This is similar to the brutality faced by Tutsi people in Rwanda where the women and children today still remain distraught and tormented as the deal with the aftermath of the systematic rape by the Hutu tribe that occurred there 10 years ago. There is no question that rape is a tool of genocide even if it does not result in physical death, it does have a decided impact on the rape victims both mentally and spirtually.

***

The following is a report from the Dallas Morning news:

Women: Weapons of War

In Bosnia-Herzegovina, Serb leaders’ policy of “ethnic cleansing” has allowed – or commanded – Serb troops to terrorize, slaughter and rape. Rape required neither gasoline nor bullets and made a powerful weapon, according to local war-crimes investigators.

By George Rodrigue
Dallas Morning News
9 May 1993.

SARAJEVO, Bosnia-Herzegovina — First Serb prison guards branded Aziza Osmanovic with iron rods. Then they raped her, along with her 12-year-old daughter. Read the rest of this entry »

Bosniak Refugees Give Detail of Serbian Terror in Kljuc

The Cavalier Daily
8 October 1992.

By JOHN DANISZEWSKI

TRAVNIK, Bosnia-Herzegovina (AP) — Hasnija Halilovic said the Serb fighters came in the night, wearing black masks.

They lined up about 200 Muslim [Bosniak] women and children at gunpoint in three rows between a Muslim home and piled the house’s contents nearby, she recalled.

Then both the furniture and the house were set ablaze. Read the rest of this entry »

Written by genocideinbosnia

December 16, 2010 at 11:42 pm

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