Genocide in Bosnia

Bosnian Genocide, 1992-1995

Posts Tagged ‘Brcko

Serbs Raped Bosniak Woman in Front of Her Children, Then They Urinated in Children's Mouth

Bosniak woman Aziza (not her real name) is a 29-year-old mother of 3 who was raped in front of her children by Serbian troops at Brcko. After repeatedly raping her in front of her children, Serbs then urinated in the children's mouths. During the entire month of December of 1992, the rapes continued and she was 2-months pregnant (at the time this picture was taken) and wants an abortion. Bosnian Muslim women were systematically raped during the Bosnian Genocide (1992-95). Photographer: Sophie Elbaz

Bosniak woman Aziza (not her real name) is a 29-year-old mother of 3 who was raped in front of her children by Serbian troops at Brcko. After repeatedly raping her in front of her children, Serbs then urinated in the children's mouths. During the entire month of December of 1992, the rapes continued and she was 2-months pregnant (at the time this picture was taken) and wants an abortion. Bosnian Muslim women were systematically raped during the Bosnian Genocide (1992-95). Photographer: Sophie Elbaz


Bosniak woman Aziza (not her real name) is a 29-year-old mother of 3 who was raped in front of her children by Serbian troops at Brcko. After repeatedly raping her in front of her children, Serbs then urinated in the children's mouths. During the entire month of December of 1992, the rapes continued and she was 2-months pregnant (at the time this picture was taken) and wants an abortion. Bosnian Muslim women were systematically raped during the Bosnian Genocide (1992-95). Photographer: Sophie Elbaz

Bosniak woman Aziza (not her real name) is a 29-year-old mother of 3 who was raped in front of her children by Serbian troops at Brcko. After repeatedly raping her in front of her children, Serbs then urinated in the children's mouths. During the entire month of December of 1992, the rapes continued and she was 2-months pregnant (at the time this picture was taken) and wants an abortion. Bosnian Muslim women were systematically raped during the Bosnian Genocide (1992-95). Photographer: Sophie Elbaz

Written by genocideinbosnia

January 29, 2011 at 4:51 pm

Brcko Genocide: 3,000 Bosniak Civilians Mutilated, Blood Drained, Burned in Furnace

Close-up of the drain at the Brcko Luka camp facility. Witnesses detailed how Serbs executed victims, slaughtering their throats, and forcing their heads on the grate covering the drain. (Bosnian Genocide, 1992)

Close-up of the drain at the Brcko Luka camp facility. Witnesses detailed how Serbs executed victims, slaughtering their throats, and forcing their heads on the grate covering the drain. (Bosnian Genocide, 1992)

U.S. Department of State
November 6, 1992.

About 3,000 men, women, and children were killed during May and June at the Luka-Brcko camp, which held approximately 1,000 civilian internees at any one time. Some 95% were ethnic Bosniaks, and the remainder were Croatians. Approximately 95% were men. Until May, the bodies were dumped into the Sava River. Thereafter they were transported to and burned in both the old and new “kafilerija” factories located in the vicinity of Brcko.

All internees in the camp came from within a 14 kilometer radius of Brcko. The first hangar was occupied by Bosniaks from Brezovo Polje. The Serbian police appeared to have administrative control of the camp.

Upon arrival, all internees were questioned by one of three inspectors who decided their fate. For example, if a person was a member of the SDA [Bosniak Party for Democratic Action] or HDZ [Croatian Party for Democratic Action] political parties, he was executed at the camp. Other questions included whether the person had foreign currency, gold, or weapons, or if the neighbor might have any of these items. Without a signature from either the police chief at the camp, or one of the military officers, a person could not be released. Approximately 1,000 people were released from the camp when Serbs vouched with their lives – and signed documents to that effect – that the internees would not leave Brcko, discuss politics, or own weapons. These people were all released within a 48-hour period; thereafter releases were not authorized. One example was an individual who had his ears cut off with a knife by a Specijalci soldier. As he grabbed for his ears in pain, a young women cut off his genitalia with an instrument called a “spoon.” As he fell forward and lay on the ground, he was shot in the head by a guard. In other instances, ears and noses were cut off and eyes gouged out. Knives were used to cut into the skin of internees all the way to the bone; some fingers were cut off entirely. All was done in front of other internees.

Beatings with clubs were common. A Specijalci soldier used a wooden club with metal protruding from it to kill several people. He forced internees to lick the blood from the metal studs. Another shot an individual in the back several times after he had carried a dead body behind the third hangar. In June, some 50-60 men had their genitalia removed.

Approximately 10-15 Chetniks [definition: In World War II - Serbian nazi collaborators; In Bosnian war - Serbian paramilitary thugs], Yugoslav Federal Specijalci, and Serbian police were involved during the daily occurrences, but some participated on a more regular basis. Some were drunk. Internees were told to sing. Those who did not sing loud enough were shot point blank. After they had started singing, the men would come in and randomly start shooting. About 50 men, women, and children were killed in one case, allegedly in retaliation for the death of 12 Chetniks who had been killed on the front. This type of shooting occurred on a daily basis with anywhere form 15 to 50 victims.

There was also a torture room at Luka-Brcko camp. Those tortured were either killed immediately after being tortured or were left to bleed and, if they did not die in 2 to 4 days on their own, shot to death. They were left lying in their own blood in the living areas and other internees were not allowed to help in any way. People were beaten with clubs to the point that the bones in their faces caved in, and they died.

The internees were then “volunteered” by camp personnel to carry the dead bodies behind their living areas or to the camp garbage dump. During the movement of the bodies, additional internees were killed when a camp official took shots at them.

Another frequent occurrence was the shooting of internees with three bullets in the back of the head of each victim. This was done at a drain, and the blood was allowed to go down the drain that emptied into the Sava River. Internees carried victims, some still alive, and had to dump their bodies at the camp garbage dump. Internees were sent on a detail to clean the blood from the floor and dump dead bodies outside of a Serbian building in Brcko. A female internee was sexually assaulted by a soldier while her husband and other internees watched. One Chetnik sexually assaulted several women, some as young as 12, in front of internees as Specijalci soldiers held the women to the ground. The same man killed 80-100 people at the camp. Another Chetnik sexually assaulted women and killed internees, in some cases using an ax to the head.

Serbs burned Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) in a Furnace in Brcko. (Bosnian Genocide, 1992)

Serbs burned dead bodies of Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) civilians at the old kafilerija factory in Brcko during the 1992 Bosnian Genocide. Some 3,000 victims perished in the systematic killings that occurred in May and June 1992.

The dead bodies of internees from the Brcko camp were burned at the old “kafilerija” factory. The trucks carrying bodies drove into a building that had three industrial-sized cooking vats with furnaces used ordinarily to make animal feed. The bodies were dumped inside the building with the three furnaces, then Chetniks dumped the dead bodies into the furnaces. Before the bodies were dumped, jewelry was removed from them and, in order to remove rings, fingers were cut off. Gold and silver teeth were removed from the bodies as well. Chetniks kicked the jaws of the corpses open to see if they had gold or silver fillings and, if so, removed them with pliers.

The transporting of the bodies to be burned began in mid-May. Trucks left every morning at about 4 am. On a typical morning, three trucks left together. One was a civilian refrigerator truck with the dead bodies and three Chetniks in the cabin, the second had 10-12 internees who unloaded the bodies at the factory, and the third had approximately 13 Chetnik guards.

After they arrived at the factory and had began unloading bodies, two or three more refrigerator trucks often arrived with approximately 20 dead bodies transported in each vehicle, perhaps from another location. All the trucks were Yugoslavian-made civilian trucks.

A sequence of photographs showing murders of Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) civilians by local Serb police officer Goran Jelisic. Jelisic was apprehended by a Team of US Navy SEALs (as a NATO SFOR Team) in January 1998. He was sentenced to 40 years imprisonment. Other photographs show mass graves of more than 3,000 Bosniak residents, slaughtered by Serbs, in and around Brcko during the 1992 Bosnian genocide.

Photo evidence courtesy: The International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia at the Hague (ICTY).

Serbian Planes Kill 19, wound 34, Bosnian forces shot down Serbian MIG fighter plane

By Chuck Sudetic
October 11, 1992.

ZAGREB, Croatia — At least 19 people were killed and 34 wounded in Serbian air attacks on the Bosnian town of Gradacac, less than 24 hours after the United Nations imposed a ban on military flights over Bosnia and Herzegovina, radio reports said.

Other civilians were hit in Serbian air strikes in Croatian-populated villages in northern Bosnia near Brcko, Sarajevo and Zagreb radios reported. They said Bosnian forces had shot down one Serbian MIG fighter. Read the rest of this entry »

Written by genocideinbosnia

January 24, 2011 at 8:59 pm

Serbs Bomb Maglaj with Napalm and Cluster Bombs, 12 dead and 50 wounded

The Telegraph-Herald, p.11B
8 October 1992.

SARAJEVO, Bosnia-Herzegovina — Rebel Serbs, heartened by their captured of a strategic border town, pounded other targets in northern Bosnia today, prompting warnings of possible foreign military intervention.

Sarajevo was relatively quiet. Repair crews set out to restore cut utilities to the capital and its surroundings, and a senior U.N. general warned the U.N. troops escorting them would return fire if the crews were attacked.

Serb artillery, meanwhile, pounded the towns of Gradacac and Maglaj with “destructive howitzer shells, particularly incendiary ones,” and attacked them by air, Bosnian radio said. Read the rest of this entry »

Photo memory of the Brcko massacre in the Bosnian Genocide

A sequence of photographs showing murders of Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) civilians by local Serb police officer Goran Jelisic. Jelisic was apprehended by a Team of US Navy SEALs (as a NATO SFOR Team) in January 1998. He was sentenced to 40 years imprisonment. Other photographs show mass graves of more than 3,000 Bosniak residents, slaughtered by Serbs, in and around Brcko during the 1992 Bosnian genocide.

Photo evidence courtesy: The International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia at the Hague (ICTY).

Written by genocideinbosnia

January 14, 2011 at 4:00 am

Witness: Serbs Killed 1,350 Bosniak Prisoners in Brcko camp

“They raped one woman whose children and parents were present, along with everyone else… They took 15 people out and slit their throats on the grass… Three people who were watching at the window and were noticed by the guards, their throats were slit as well. With my own eyes I have seen this… I will forever remember [my friend's] screaming and yelling not to kill him, and not to slit his throat” – Alija Lujinovic, Bosnian Genocide survivor.

Bosnian Muslim Describes Slaughter by Serbs

(Click to Enlarge) Bosnian Genocide (1992): A 1992 photographs of mass grave in the area of Brcko showing a Bimeks truck (in the top right-hand corner). The trucks were believed to have been used to transport bodies. Bosniak (Bosnian Muslims) victims tied, killed and thrown into mass grave.

(Click to Enlarge) Bosnian Genocide (1992): Bosnian Genocide (1992): A 1992 photographs of mass grave in the area of Brcko showing a Bimeks truck (in the top right-hand corner). The trucks were believed to have been used to transport bodies. Bosniak (Bosnian Muslims) victims tied, killed and thrown into mass grave.

WASHINGTON — A 53-year-old Muslim from Bosnia-Herzegovina on Wednesday said Serbian guards at a detention camp systematically slaughtered 1,350 captives during seven weeks of terror in May and June [1992] (see some of the killing in action)

Alija Lujinovic, who is from the town of Brcko in northeast Bosnia, told his horrific tale to a closed-door session of the Senate Armed Services Committee, then again to reporters at a news conference.

Committee Chairman Sam Nunn, D-Ga., said he did not present Lujinovic at a public hearing because his staff had not had adequate time to corroborate his story. But he said “a lot of the things he’s saying are consistent with other reports… including intelligence.”

Lujinovic, a traffic engineer who denied any involvement in politics or violence, said he was captured May 3 [1992] while hiding in a cellar after Serbian irregulars and troops of the former Yugoslav army attacked his town. Read the rest of this entry »

Primitive Serb Peasants Blamed for the Destruction of Bosnia

First the Bricks, then the Soul

New Sunday Times
18 October 1992.

By Rohas
(A Bosnian refugee)

ZAGREB: The Serbian academic dissident Bogdan Bogdanovic said:

“Serbian fascism is especially dangerous because it originates in the rural areas, and feels no responsibility for the architecture of towns.”

Their criminal attack on urban areas has been especially directed towards Bosnia-Herzegovinian towns, mainly the Muslim ones of Foca, Visegrad, Zvornik, Sarajevo, Srebrenica, Brcko, and the old towns of Prusac.

Bosniak and Croatian architectures of value in Mostar have been especially attacked and religious buildings — mosques, abbeys, Catholic churches, graveyards, and other sacred places, have become particular targets. Read the rest of this entry »

Bosnia Muslims Standing Alone

The Telegraph-Herald
28 June 1993.

SARAJEVO, Bosnia-Herzegovina — Bosnia’s Muslim-led government stood alone today on the battlefront and at the bargaining table, its troops fighting Serbs and Croats and its leadership reluctantly exploring the enemy’s plan to carve the republic into ethnic states.

As the newest round of peace talks were getting under way in Geneva, the Yugoslav news agency Tanjug reported fighting between Serbs and government troops near the northeastern city of Brcko, Bihac, in the northwest and the central town of Trnovo. Read the rest of this entry »

Muslims in Bosnia Converting to Christianity, Fear for Their Lives

New Straits Times
14 December 1993.

BRCKO, Tuesday. — Hundreds of Muslims [Bosniaks] living in Ser-controlled areas in Bosnia have converted to the Orthodox Church and changed their names to distance themselves from their Islamic origins.

But the move in Brcko and surrounding villages is being warily watched by Bosnian Serb authorities worried about its effect on international opinion.

Since January some “hundred people, most of them Muslims” have changed their names, civilian leader Luka Puric told reporters in the north-eastern town of Brcko, 160km west of the Serbian capital, Belgrade. Read the rest of this entry »

Written by genocideinbosnia

January 12, 2011 at 7:20 pm

Serbs Sneak and Terrorize Bosniak Civilians in Srebrenica

By Srecko Latal
The Daily Gazette
25 June 1995.

SARAJEVO, Bosnia-Herzegovina — Rebel Serbs sneaked through government lines and opened fire on an eastern city, inflicting numerous civilian casualties, state radio said Saturday.

In the capital of Sarajevo, fighting ebbed to its lowest level since the government launched an offensive June 15, but fierce fighting was reported in northeastern Bosnia.

Government radio said a Serb sabotage unit slipped into the government-held city of Srebrenica early Saturday and committed “a massacre against the civilian population. There are many dead and wounded.” Read the rest of this entry »

Written by genocideinbosnia

January 3, 2011 at 12:08 am

Systematic Rapes of Bosnian Muslim Women, An Instrument of the Bosnian War 1992-95

Introduction by Khadija Husain: Systematic rape is a brutal tactic used in times of war to terrorize women by sexually assaulting them. It has also been used as a means to perform ethnic cleansing by degrading and demoralizing the persecuted ethnic group. According to international law, systematic rape has been declared a crime against humanity as well as a war crime. It is also one of the criteria that identifies a genocide.

The concept of systematic rape was utilized during the genocide in the Bosnian War. During the ethnic cleansing performed by the Serbian soldiers against the Bosnian Muslims, the Bosnian women and girls were tortured by sexual violence. A United Nations committee determined that the number of women who were raped was around twenty thousand, whereas the Bosnian government estimated that there were in fact fifty thousand rape victims. As a result, war crime tribunals are now allowed to prosecute superior officers and hold them liable for the actions of their subordinate soldiers.

Currently in the city of Darfur in Sudan, the Janjawid militia is systematically raping the women there leading to another human rights crisis. This is similar to the brutality faced by Tutsi people in Rwanda where the women and children today still remain distraught and tormented as the deal with the aftermath of the systematic rape by the Hutu tribe that occurred there 10 years ago. There is no question that rape is a tool of genocide even if it does not result in physical death, it does have a decided impact on the rape victims both mentally and spirtually.

***

The following is a report from the Dallas Morning news:

Women: Weapons of War

In Bosnia-Herzegovina, Serb leaders’ policy of “ethnic cleansing” has allowed – or commanded – Serb troops to terrorize, slaughter and rape. Rape required neither gasoline nor bullets and made a powerful weapon, according to local war-crimes investigators.

By George Rodrigue
Dallas Morning News
9 May 1993.

SARAJEVO, Bosnia-Herzegovina — First Serb prison guards branded Aziza Osmanovic with iron rods. Then they raped her, along with her 12-year-old daughter. Read the rest of this entry »

Serbs Killed 3,000 Bosniak Women and Children in May-June 1992

White House Hears Accounts of Serbian Atrocities in Bosnia

Beaver County Times
29 September 1992.

WASHINGTON — Two eyewitnesses say they saw as many as 50 Muslim [Bosniak] prisoners killed at a time at Serb-run detention camps in Bosnia as part of a bloody campaign that eventually claimed 3,000 lives, the State Department says.

The Bush administration believes the atrocities to be the worst of the six-month war. They were said to have taken place in the spring in the northwest city of Brcko, not far from the scene of Serbian air strikes Monday that reportedly left 15 dead and 40 wounded.

Department spokesman Richard Boucher said the two Muslim witnesses were former prisoners in a brick factory who independently estimated that 3,000 men, women and children were killed in May and June. Read the rest of this entry »

Written by genocideinbosnia

December 16, 2010 at 11:12 pm

Systematic Killings of Bosnian Muslim Civilians in Bosnian Genocide

Decapitation among brutalities of the Bosnian Genocide

Lawrence Journal – World
23 October 1992.

WASHINGTON — The ethnic hatreds of disintegrated Yugoslavia are producing levels of savagery uncommon even in war, with aggressors decapitating and dismembering prisoners, shooting women in the back, raping children and torturing clerics.

Thousands more are being expelled from their homes, confined to camps with little heat or food, and terrorized by fears of systematic execution.

Such are the conclusions of two reports, one by the State Department and the other by the London-based human rights group Amnesty International, issued Thursday on atrocities in the former Yugoslav republic of Bosnia. Read the rest of this entry »

Battle at Brcko crucial for Muslims in Bosnia

Bosnian forces advance toward Brezovo Polje in hopes of freeing Bosnian Muslim civilians tortured in a Serbian-run concentration camp.

New Straits Times
14 October 1992.

Wan A. Hulaimi

LONDON, Tues. — News coming from Bosanski Brod, which reportedly “fell” to Serbian forces last week, reveal the extent of co-operation now existing between Belgrade and Zagreb after a meeting between their two presidents in Geneva to slice up Bosnia-Herzegovina at the expense of the Muslims [Bosniaks]. Read the rest of this entry »

Written by genocideinbosnia

December 16, 2010 at 10:43 pm

Brcko massacre: 3,000 Bosniak Civilians Killed

US Details Genocide in Bosnia

New Straits Times
27 September 1992.

NEW YORK, Sat. — The United States believes that “as many as 3,000″ Muslim [Bosniak] men, women and children were killed in May and June at Serbian-run detention camps near the Bosnian town of Brcko, the New York Times reported yesterday.

Reports of mass killings in Bosnia-Herzegovina have been circulating since July, but Bush administration officials quoted by the newspaper in its editions today said this was the first time they had developed independent information corroborating such reports.

The newspaper said the new information is based on interviews with survivors and other intelligence sources. Read the rest of this entry »

Written by genocideinbosnia

December 8, 2010 at 9:34 pm

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