Posts Tagged ‘Bosnia’
5,000 Bosnian Muslims, including 2,000 children, died of starvation in six besieged enclaves, including Srebrenica and Zepa.
US PREPARATIONS FOR BOSNIA AIRDROP GAINING INTENSITY
Kentucky New Era, p.5A
25 February 1993.
By Laurinda Keys
Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina (AP) — First, 600,000 leaflets will flutter down on eastern Bosnia, telling residents about a coming American airdrop. Then, tons of food and medicine will fall from the sky.
Our hope is to watch for presents from heaven,” said Fadil Heljic, a ham radio operator in the besieged town of Zepa.
The Defense Department is not disclosing a starting date for its airdrop into eastern Bosnia, but it was expected to start this weekend. It is intended to help about 300,000 cold, hungry Muslims [Bosniaks] in six enclaves besieged by Serb fighters.
About 5,000 people in those areas, including 2,000 children, have died of hunger and cold this winter, according to unconfirmed reports by the Bosnian government. Read the rest of this entry »
By Anthony Lewis
The Vindicator, p. A10
2 November 1993.
BOSTON — A pathetic byproduct of the genocide in Bosnia has been the attempt by some Americans of Serbian ancestry to deny the reality of the Serbian aggression there.
“What’s happening in Bosnia,” Bob Djurdjevic of Phoenix wrote to The New York Times the other day, “is not genocide’… it is a tragedy largely inflicted on the Muslims by their own government.” Read the rest of this entry »
Caught Behind the Lines: Bosniaks drafted into Serb army forced to assist in ethnic cleansing
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, p.A4
13 February 1993.
By Dusan Stojanovic
He is blind [photo], his face deformed by an explosion. He has been thrown out of his home and his country. As a Bosniak once forced by Serbs to fight his own people, he worries most about his honor.
“Maybe it’s better I cannot see myself in the mirror. I could not stand the reflection of shame and humiliation that I feel inside,” Sehovic said.
After the fighting erupted last year, rebel Serbs took Sehovic from his village near Trebinje in souther Bosnia and forced him to fight against Croats and his fellow Bosniaks. Read the rest of this entry »
Beaver County Times, p.A4
1 September 1994.
SARAJEVO, Bosnia-Herzegovina (AP) – Bosnian Serb leaders are guilty of “state ordained terrorism” in a campaign purging northern Bosnia of thousands of non-Serbs, a U.N. aid official charged today.
Peter Kessler of the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees, the main U.N. aid agency, said 3,000 Bosniaks had been driven from their homes in Serb-held areas in August alone. Read the rest of this entry »
3 January 1994.
By Barbara Demick
BIJELJINA, Bosnia-Herzegovina — Two months ago, the police paid an unexpected visit to the home of a Bosniak pediatrician and his wife, a dentist. They had bad news. The city wanted to take over their spacious three-story home for municipal offices.
But the pediatrician also had a surprise for the authorities. He pulled out papers showing that he had legally changed his traditional Bosniak name to a Serbian name. Read the rest of this entry »
“Never Again” Applies to Bosnia, too
The Jewish Post & News, p.4
12 August 1992.
Never again! That’s the expression Jewish Holocaust survivors and the rest of world Jewry use when referring to the horrors perpetrated by Nazi Germany.
Never again should anyone stand by, shrug off reports about atrocities committed against other human beings, and claim that it’s not worth intervening.
That’s what happened during the Second World War. Informed of the Nazi killing machine at Auschwitz and other death camps, U.S. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt dismissed the suggestion that U.S. planes bomb the camps. FDR claimed he couldn’t spare any planes for such a task.
Now, a similar situation has arisen in Bosnia-Herzegovina. Serbian nationalists are committing brutal attacks on innocent men, women and children throughout that former Yugoslav state, with the assistance of the Serbian government in Belgrade. Read the rest of this entry »
West Stands Silent as Bosnian Serbs Wreak Havoc
Milwaukee Journal Sentinel p.10A
4 August 1995.
By George Will
Two years ago, when there were reports that a Bosnian Muslim in a Serbian concentration camp had been forced to bite off his father’s testicles, it was comforting to recall the European tradition of fabricated stories — German soldiers amputating the hands of Belgian nurses in 1914, and so on.
Today, with abundant evidence of rape used as a weapon of war, of Muslims’ eyes gouged out and ears and noses sliced off by Serbian “soldiers” (it is disgusting to give that honorable title to snipers killing Sarajevo children), with testimony about heads on stakes and a woman forced to drink blood from her son’s slit throat, it is reasonable to suspend disbelief concerning all reports about the cowardly mob called the Bosnian Serb “army,” which is a proxy for war criminals in Belgrade. Read the rest of this entry »
Serbs Gone, But the Horror Remains – Recovery uncertain for all rape victims
By Nancy Nusser
The Tuscaloosa News p.2F / Cox News Service
18 April 1993.
TUZLA, Bosnia-Herzegovina — The pale woman sitting in the health clinic said she hates the son she just delivered and could not bring herself to look at him before nurses took him away.
She is Bosnian, and the baby’s father is the Serb soldier who raped her.
“The child is a Chetnik,” she said, using the derisive word for Serbs. “I hate the child. My brother was in a concentration camp for 10 months and I was raped by Chetniks,” she said. Read the rest of this entry »
Serbs have moved beaten and starved prisoners out of the notorious camps before media visits.
The Milwaukee Journal, p.A6
19 August 1992.
From Journal wire services
Washington, D.C. — The campaign mounted by Serbian militias to drive Muslims [Bosniaks] from large areas of Bosnia-Herzegovina has been so brutal that it probably has caused more deaths than the bombing and shelling of Bosnian cities, according to a Senate staff report. Read the rest of this entry »
West Must Get in or Out
19 July 1995.
By Anthony Lewis
Two days after the fall of Srebrenica, Gen. Philippe Morillon, French General Staff member, said: “We have to declare war on Gen. Mladic or get out.”
Ratko Mladic is the commander of Bosnian Serb forces, the architect of the assault on Srebrenica and ethnic cleansing that followed [note: this report war published 8 days after the fall of Srebrenica, while the evidence of the large scale massacre surfaced later]
Morillon’s words pitfily summed up one lesson on Bosnia for the Western alliance: To intervene in a conflict and pretend there is no difference between the aggressors and the victims is not only dishonorable but ineffectual.
Read the rest of this entry »
Echoes of Third Reich in Ethnic Cleansing
The Milwaukee Journal
17 July 1995.
Missing from the heart-rending photographs of terrified refugees were the dusty railroad cattle cars and the sullen storm troopers watching with expressionless faces. Nevertheless, some of the roads and villages of [predominantly Bosnian Muslim-inhabited] eastern Bosnia last week looked too much like eastern Europe when it was the Nazis conducting a campaign of ethnic cleansing. Read the rest of this entry »
A Bosniak family was bomb-attacked by Serb men in Banja Luka… A Croat woman was grabbed from the streets in broad daylight and raped by a gang of Serb men… an elderly Croat woman was attacked in the city center by an assailant who cut off her ears and poked out her eyes… Adina, a 19-year-old Bosniak woman was raped on March 8 by four Serb men in military uniforms…
Gainesville Sun, p.8A
26 March 1994.
By John Pomfret
GASNICI, Croatia — Ismet Hrustanovic had an inkling something was going on in his back yard. The engineer’s puppy started yelping. Twigs and leaves crunched under the heavy feet of men in boots.
Next, a fusillate exploded into his two-story house. One bullet passed through his nose, into his eye socket and out near his ear. Another bored into his wife’s ankle. Several more punched holes in the wall near his 10-year-old son. A final blast killed the puppy.
This is how Hrustanovic, a Muslim [Bosniak], spent Monday, Jan. 31 — hunkered down with a bleeding face while his wife writhed in pain in their modest house in the Serb-held Banja Luka region of Bosnia. On Wednesday, they were evacuated from the region by the United Nations and the International Committee of the Red Cross. Read the rest of this entry »
“As for the Bosnian Serb leader, Radovan Karadzic, ‘he will lie, keep lying as he has done all the time, and he will kill more of us in the coming days” – Nedjara Beganovic.
Serb blockade claims lives of more children
The Victoria Advocate, p.4C
13 January 1993.
SARAJEVO, Bosnia-Herzegovina — Fifty-one children died of starvation and cold overnight in an eastern Bosnian town [Zepa] blockaded by Serbs and isolated for nine months, according to ham radio reports Wednesday. In addition, 34 adults perished Tuesday night in Zepa, 35 miles east of Sarajevo.
In Srebrenica, a town near the Serbia border, 17 people – including nine children – died during the night, according to the reports.
Amateur radio operators have been the only link to the outside for the 28,000 people of Zepa since April. Serb gunmen and mines prevent U.N. convoys from crossing snowy roads to the town, where some people are living in caves. Read the rest of this entry »
PHOTO: The maternity hospital at Sveti Duh is packed due to the influx of Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) refugees in Zagreb, Croatia. As a result, these babies (born to rape victims) are grouped on patients beds before being turned over to CARITAS, a Catholic humanitarian organization. Photographer: Sophie Elbaz.
PHOTO: A girl bursts into tears while listening to other Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) women recount their accounts of rape. In Bosnia, a European Community Investigative Mission concluded that 20,000 women and children were victims of systematic rape by the Serbs during the war. Photographer: Sophie Elbaz
PHOTO: Two Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) sisters – A., 22, and M., 21 – were violently raped over a period of two months while they were imprisoned in the camp of Modrica, northern Bosnia. They are alone now and are suffering from serious infections due to their rapes. Photographer: Sophie Elbaz
PHOTO (above, below): Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) woman, Malima, 20, was a captive in the KLJUC camp for three months and gave birth in Zagreb hospital. “I don’t want to see that ‘thing’. I hate it and those who did it,” she declared to the doctors, who immediately took care of the baby. Ključ is a town and municipality by the same name in western Bosnia and Herzegovina. Photographer: Sophie Elbaz
The Rapes in Bosnia: A Muslim Schoolgirl’s Account
The Washington Post
27 December 1992.
By: Peter Maass Read the rest of this entry »
The following images of Serb-run concentration camps near Prijedor in north-west Bosnia were taken from the archive of the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY) at the Hague.
Here is a better quality of this image from the same source (images may be lighter or darker depending on how they were scanned and depending on the source they were scanned from, e.g. printed newspaper):
A 11 July 1995 file photo shows an elderly Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) woman and her husband getting treatment for injuries inflicted on them by Serb military forces as they fled Srebrenica as it was overrun by Bosnian Serb forces. The man on the right died shortly after the picture was taken. During the Srebrenica genocide, Serb forces rounded up and killed more than 8,000 Bosniak men and boys, and expelled 25,000 women after abusing many of them. General Ratko Mladic ordered his troops to rape Muslim women and girls. Source: (Getty Images)
The aim of the war in Bosnia-Herzegovina was to destroy the Bosnian Muslims
Author: Florence Hartmann
Interviewed by Dani (Sarajevo)
Translated by the Bosnian Institute, UK on 16 August, 2007
Florence Hartmann covered the former Yugoslavia for Le Monde, later became the most prominent spokesperson for the Hague Tribunal, and is the author of a study of Slobodan Miloševic Read the rest of this entry »
New Straits Times
12 June 1994.
GENEVA, Sat. — A United Nations investigator yesterday accused Serbs of launching a campaign of rape and murder when they attacked the Bosniak-held enclave of Gorazde and surrounding villages earlier this year. Read the rest of this entry »
Daily News, p.2
12 December 1992.
ZAGREB, Croatia — The Serbian fighters who have seized large parts of Bosnia-Herzegovina are being accused of systematic rape against captured Bosniak [Bosnian Muslim] women and girls. Read the rest of this entry »
U.S. Department of State
November 6, 1992.
About 3,000 men, women, and children were killed during May and June at the Luka-Brcko camp, which held approximately 1,000 civilian internees at any one time. Some 95% were ethnic Bosniaks, and the remainder were Croatians. Approximately 95% were men. Until May, the bodies were dumped into the Sava River. Thereafter they were transported to and burned in both the old and new “kafilerija” factories located in the vicinity of Brcko.
All internees in the camp came from within a 14 kilometer radius of Brcko. The first hangar was occupied by Bosniaks from Brezovo Polje. The Serbian police appeared to have administrative control of the camp.
Upon arrival, all internees were questioned by one of three inspectors who decided their fate. For example, if a person was a member of the SDA [Bosniak Party for Democratic Action] or HDZ [Croatian Party for Democratic Action] political parties, he was executed at the camp. Other questions included whether the person had foreign currency, gold, or weapons, or if the neighbor might have any of these items. Without a signature from either the police chief at the camp, or one of the military officers, a person could not be released. Approximately 1,000 people were released from the camp when Serbs vouched with their lives – and signed documents to that effect – that the internees would not leave Brcko, discuss politics, or own weapons. These people were all released within a 48-hour period; thereafter releases were not authorized. One example was an individual who had his ears cut off with a knife by a Specijalci soldier. As he grabbed for his ears in pain, a young women cut off his genitalia with an instrument called a “spoon.” As he fell forward and lay on the ground, he was shot in the head by a guard. In other instances, ears and noses were cut off and eyes gouged out. Knives were used to cut into the skin of internees all the way to the bone; some fingers were cut off entirely. All was done in front of other internees.
Beatings with clubs were common. A Specijalci soldier used a wooden club with metal protruding from it to kill several people. He forced internees to lick the blood from the metal studs. Another shot an individual in the back several times after he had carried a dead body behind the third hangar. In June, some 50-60 men had their genitalia removed.
Approximately 10-15 Chetniks [definition: In World War II - Serbian nazi collaborators; In Bosnian war - Serbian paramilitary thugs], Yugoslav Federal Specijalci, and Serbian police were involved during the daily occurrences, but some participated on a more regular basis. Some were drunk. Internees were told to sing. Those who did not sing loud enough were shot point blank. After they had started singing, the men would come in and randomly start shooting. About 50 men, women, and children were killed in one case, allegedly in retaliation for the death of 12 Chetniks who had been killed on the front. This type of shooting occurred on a daily basis with anywhere form 15 to 50 victims.
There was also a torture room at Luka-Brcko camp. Those tortured were either killed immediately after being tortured or were left to bleed and, if they did not die in 2 to 4 days on their own, shot to death. They were left lying in their own blood in the living areas and other internees were not allowed to help in any way. People were beaten with clubs to the point that the bones in their faces caved in, and they died.
The internees were then “volunteered” by camp personnel to carry the dead bodies behind their living areas or to the camp garbage dump. During the movement of the bodies, additional internees were killed when a camp official took shots at them.
Another frequent occurrence was the shooting of internees with three bullets in the back of the head of each victim. This was done at a drain, and the blood was allowed to go down the drain that emptied into the Sava River. Internees carried victims, some still alive, and had to dump their bodies at the camp garbage dump. Internees were sent on a detail to clean the blood from the floor and dump dead bodies outside of a Serbian building in Brcko. A female internee was sexually assaulted by a soldier while her husband and other internees watched. One Chetnik sexually assaulted several women, some as young as 12, in front of internees as Specijalci soldiers held the women to the ground. The same man killed 80-100 people at the camp. Another Chetnik sexually assaulted women and killed internees, in some cases using an ax to the head.
The dead bodies of internees from the Brcko camp were burned at the old “kafilerija” factory. The trucks carrying bodies drove into a building that had three industrial-sized cooking vats with furnaces used ordinarily to make animal feed. The bodies were dumped inside the building with the three furnaces, then Chetniks dumped the dead bodies into the furnaces. Before the bodies were dumped, jewelry was removed from them and, in order to remove rings, fingers were cut off. Gold and silver teeth were removed from the bodies as well. Chetniks kicked the jaws of the corpses open to see if they had gold or silver fillings and, if so, removed them with pliers.
The transporting of the bodies to be burned began in mid-May. Trucks left every morning at about 4 am. On a typical morning, three trucks left together. One was a civilian refrigerator truck with the dead bodies and three Chetniks in the cabin, the second had 10-12 internees who unloaded the bodies at the factory, and the third had approximately 13 Chetnik guards.
After they arrived at the factory and had began unloading bodies, two or three more refrigerator trucks often arrived with approximately 20 dead bodies transported in each vehicle, perhaps from another location. All the trucks were Yugoslavian-made civilian trucks.
A sequence of photographs showing murders of Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) civilians by local Serb police officer Goran Jelisic. Jelisic was apprehended by a Team of US Navy SEALs (as a NATO SFOR Team) in January 1998. He was sentenced to 40 years imprisonment. Other photographs show mass graves of more than 3,000 Bosniak residents, slaughtered by Serbs, in and around Brcko during the 1992 Bosnian genocide.
Death Whispers: Frightened Bosnian Muslim War Prisoners Voice Horror Behind the Pictures
By Peter Maass
16 August 1992.
OMARSKA, Bosnia-Herzegovina — When the camp guards looked in another direction, the prisoners at the Serb-run detention camp here broke into nervous whispers.
“There is no doctor here,” one of them breathed. “As soon as you get sick you are shot.” Read the rest of this entry »
Gettysburg Times, p.8A
30 March 1993.
[two years before the Srebrenica Genocide]
TUZLA, Bosnia-Herzegovina – More than 2,300 Bosniak refugees took advantage of a ceasefire and a rare relief convoy Monday to flee the cold, hunger and encircling Serb force at the eastern Bosnian enclave of Srebrenica.
The refugees – women, children and old men – were packed so tightly into the 19 U.N. trucks that they had to stand on their luggage. But they waved with relief as they reached safety in the Bosnian government-held city of Tuzla.
Some apparently died en route. Read the rest of this entry »
10 November 1993.
SARAJEVO, Bosnia-Herzegovina — A school became a war zone filled with the screams and broken bodies of children Tuesday in the deadliest attack in Sarajevo in nearly a month.
Bosnian Radio quoted Prime Minister Haris Silajdzic as saying nine children died in the mortar attack.
But early accounts had said that at least seven people, including three to four children and one teacher, were killed when mortar rounds exploded near the school entrance. There was no immediate explanation for the discrepancy between Silajdzic’s toll and the earlier reports. Read the rest of this entry »